- Journal Article2007Pastoral nomads of the Indian Changthang: production system, landuse and socioeconomic changes.Human Ecology, 35, 497-504.
- Journal Article2006Perceived conflicts between pastoralism and conservation of the Kiang Equus kiang in the Ladakh Trans- HimalayaEnvironmental Management, 38, 934-941
- Journal Article2006Living with large carnivores: predation on livestock by the snow leopard (Uncia uncia).Journal of Zoology (London), 268, 217-224.
- Journal Article2006Decline of the Tibetan gazelle in Ladakh, IndiaOryx, 40, 229-232.
- Report2004The high altitude wildlife of Western Arunachal Pradesh: a survey reportTechnical Report No. 8, Nature Conservation Foundation, International Snow Leopard Trust, and Wildlife Conservation Society (India Program), Mysore, India.Download
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The high altitude wildlife of Arunachal Pradesh, located in the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot, has remained unexplored and unprotected. Between August and October, 2003, we undertook a biological expedition in the high altitudes (> 3000 m) of Tawang and West Kameng Districts of Western Arunachal Pradesh, with the objective of inventorying wildlife and identifying areas for the establishment of wildlife reserves. The expedition documented the occurrence of a rich mammalian species assemblage (34 species), 12 of which are of global conservation importance. Our discovery of the Chinese goral Nemorhaedus caudatus represents a new addition to the list of large mammals of the Indian sub-continent. We also recorded a primate belonging to the sinica group of the genus Macaca, which is potentially a species new to science. We recorded 150 bird species, identified 140 plant species, and prepared a preliminary description of the high altitude vegetation. We also documented peoples’ dependence on natural resources (grazing, collection of timber and medicinal plants), and the threats to the region’s wildlife, including widespread hunting, and persecution of the snow leopard Uncia uncia and dhole Cuon alpinus in retaliation against livestock depredation. Preliminary vegetation maps were prepared using field data in conjunction with satellite imageries. Based on information about the wildlife assemblages, extent of high altitude habitat, and levels of anthropogenic disturbance, we identify and propose an important site (815 km²) for the creation of a wildlife reserve. Future conservation efforts need to focus on establishing the state’s first high altitude wildlife reserve, and garnering the support of indigenous people for wildlife conservation through community-based programs.
- Journal Article2004Competition between domestic livestock and wild bharal Pseudois nayaur in the Indian Trans-Himalaya.Journal of Applied Ecology, 41, 344-354.
- Journal Article2004War and wildlife: A post-conflict assessment of Afghanistan's Wakhan corridor.Oryx, 1, 102-105.
- Journal Article2004Conflicts between traditional pastoralism and conservation of Himalayan Ibex (Capra sibirica) in the Trans-Himalayan mountainsAnimal Conservation, 7, 121-128.
- Journal Article2003Diversity, risk mediation, and change in a Trans-Himalayan agropastoral system.Human Ecology, 31, 595-609.
- Journal Article2003The role of incentive programs in conserving the snow leopard Uncia unciaConservation Biology 17:1512-1520Download
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Pastoralists and their livestock share much of the habitat of the snow leopard (Uncia uncia) across south and central Asia. The levels of livestock predation by the snow leopard and other carnivores are high, and retaliatory killing by the herders is a direct threat to carnivore populations. Depletion of wild prey by poaching and competition from livestock also poses an indirect threat to the region's carnivores. Conservationists working in these underdeveloped areas that face serious economic damage from livestock losses have turned to incentive programs to motivate local communities to protect carnivores. We describe a pilot incentive program in India that aims to offset losses due to livestock predation and to enhance wild prey density by creating livestock-free areas on common land. We also describe how income generation from handicrafts in Mongolia is helping curtail poaching and retaliatory killing of snow leopards. However, initiatives to offset the costs of living with carnivores and to make conservation beneficial to affected people have thus far been small, isolated, and heavily subsidized. Making these initiatives more comprehensive, expanding their coverage, and internalizing their costs are future challenges for the conservation of large carnivores such as the snow leopard.
- Conference Proceedings2003Protected areas and beyond: wildlife conservation in the Trans-Himalaya.Bombay Natural History Society WORKSHOP 'A LOOK AT THREATENED SPECIES'. NOVEMBER 13, 2003, Bombay.
- Journal Article2002A theoretical analysis of competitive exclusion in a Trans- Himalayan large-herbivore assemblageAnimal Conservation, 5, 251-258
- Journal Article2001Overstocking in the trans-Himalayan rangelands of India.Environmental Conservation, 28, 279-283.
- Journal Article2000Socioeconomic transition and wildlife conservation in the Indian trans-Himalaya.Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 97, 25-32.
- Journal Article1998Livestock grazing and biodiversity conservation: comments on Saberwal.Conservation Biology, 12, 712-714.
- Journal Article1997Livestock depredation by large carnivores in the Indian Trans-Himalaya: conflict perceptions and conservation prospects.Environmental Conservation, 24, 338-343.