- Poster2006Large Herbivores of Namdaphasupported by Disney Wildlife Conservation Fund, Wildlife Conservation Society and The Ford FoundationDownload
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Namdapha Tiger Reserve, Leaf Muntjac, Black Muntjac, Hog Deer, Musk Deer, Takin, Serow, Red Goral, Barking Deer, Gaur, Wild Pig, Elephant, Sambar
- Report2006Hanging by a thread: Spider communities in rainforest fragments and shade-coffee plantations in the Anamalai hills, Western Ghats, India.NCF Technical Report No. 13. Nature Conservation Foundation, Mysore.
- Journal Article2006Mammals of the high altitudes of Western Arunachal Pradesh, Eastern Himalaya: an assessment of threats and conservation needs.Oryx 40(1): 1-7.
The high altitudes of Arunachal Pradesh, India, located in the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot, remain zoologically unexplored and unpro- tected. We report results of recent mammal surveys in the high altitude habitats of western Arunachal Pradesh. A total of 35 mammal species (including 12 carnivores, 10 ungulates and 5 primates) were recorded, of which 13 are categorized as Endangered or Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. One species of primate, the Arunachal macaque Macaca munzala, is new to science and the Chinese goral Nemorhaedus caudatus is a new addition to the ungulate fauna of the Indian subconti- nent. We documented peoples’ dependence on natural resources for grazing and extraction of timber and medicinal plants. The region’s mammals are threatened by widespread hunting. The snow leopard Uncia uncia and dhole Cuon alpinus are also persecuted in retaliation for livestock depredation. The tiger Panthera tigris, earlier reported from the lower valleys, is now apparently extinct there, and range reductions over the last two decades are reported for bharal Pseudois nayaur and musk deer Moschus sp.. Based on mammal species richness, extent of high altitude habitat, and levels of anthropo- genic disturbance, we identified a potential site for the creation of Arunachal’s first high altitude wildlife reserve (815 km2). Community-based efforts that provide incentives for conservation-friendly practices could work in this area, and conservation awareness programmes are required, not just amongst the local communities and schools but for politicians, bureaucrats and the army.
- Poster2006Squirrels (Anamalais , Western Ghats)Download
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Anamalai Hills, Indian Giant Squirrel, Travancore Flying Squirrel, Indian Giant Flying Squirrel, Jungle Striped Squirrel, Dusky Striped Squirrel, Grizzled Giant Squirrel,Tamil
- Popular Article2006Making headway: Lisus, Namdapha officials 'talk' in Arunachal.Down to Earth. April 15. pp. 44.
- Journal Article2006An assessment of spider sampling methods in tropical rainforest fragments of the Anamalai hills, Western Ghats, India.Zoos' Print Journal 21: 2483-2488.
- Journal Article2006Distribution and Conservation Status of the Arunachal Macaque, Macaca munzala, in Western Arunachal Pradesh, Northeastern IndiaPrimate Conservation Vol 21: 145–148Download
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The recently described Arunachal macaque, Macaca munzala, has to date been reported only from western Arunachal Pradesh, Eastern Himalaya. Our surveys have recorded a total of 35 troops and 569 individuals, probably a conservative estimate, for the macaque population in the Tawang and West Kameng districts of the state. The species appears to be tolerant to anthropo- genic habitat change, but is vulnerable to hunting and retaliatory killing in response to crop damage. Data from one part of the area surveyed, however, indicate that the species can attain remarkably high population densities in the absence of hunting. Macaca munzala will need to be protected in human-modified landscapes, and the issues of crop damage and retaliatory persecution must be addressed urgently.
- Poster2006Nilgiri Tahr (Anamalais , Western Ghats)Download
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Vaarai-aadu, Steep Cliffs, Open Grasslands, The Grass Hills Eravikulum, Tamil
- Journal Article2006Living with large carnivores: predation on livestock by the snow leopard (Uncia uncia).Journal of Zoology (London), 268, 217-224.
- Popular Article2006Wildlife research in IndiaCentral Chronicle, 11 Nov 2006
- Journal Article2006Plant Community Structure in Tropical Rain Forest Fragments of the Western Ghats, IndiaBiotropica 38: 143–160. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2006.00118.x
Changes in tree, liana, and understory plant diversity and community composition in five tropical rain forest fragments varying in area (18–2600 ha) and disturbance levels were studied on the Valparai plateau, Western Ghats. Systematic sampling using small quadrats (totaling 4 ha for trees and lianas, 0.16 ha for understory plants) enumerated 312 species in 103 families: 1968 trees (144 species), 2250 lianas (60 species), and 6123 understory plants (108 species). Tree species density, stem density, and basal area were higher in the three larger (> 100 ha) rain forest fragments but were negatively correlated with disturbance scores rather than area per se. Liana species density, stem density, and basal area were higher in moderately disturbed and lower in heavily disturbed fragments than in the three larger fragments. Understory species density was highest in the highly disturbed 18-ha fragment, due to weedy invasive species occurring with rain forest plants. Nonmetric multidimensional scaling and Mantel tests revealed significant and similar patterns of floristic variation suggesting similar effects of disturbance on community compositional change for the three life-forms. The five fragments encompassed substantial plant diversity in the regional landscape, harbored at least 70 endemic species (3.21% of the endemic flora of the Western Ghats–Sri Lanka biodiversity hotspot), and supported many endemic and threatened animals. The study indicates the significant conservation value of rain forest fragments in the Western Ghats, signals the need to protect them from further disturbances, and provides useful benchmarks for restoration and monitoring efforts.
- Poster2006Sloth Bear (Anamalais , Western Ghats)Download
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Peninsular India, Termites, Ants, Wild Jamuns, Palms, Elalocarps, Tamil
- Popular Article2006Fenced out: wildlife research in IndiaDown To Earth, 15 Nov 2006
- Poster2006Carnivores of Namdaphasupported by Disney Wildlife Conservation Fund, Wildlife Conservation Society The Ford FoundationDownload
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Namdapha Tiger Reserve, Tiger, Leopard, Clouded Leopard, Black Bear, Marbled Cat, Leopard Cat, Malayan Sun Bear, Wild Dog, Golden Cat
- Journal Article2005Discovery of the Tibetan macaque Macaca thibetana in Arunachal Pradesh, IndiaCurrent Science 88(9): 1387-1388
- Journal Article2005Not in their genes: Phenotypic flexibility, behavioural traditions and cultural evolution in wild bonnet macaquesJournal of Bioscience 30: 51-64
- Popular Article2005High on hornbills.Wildlife Conservation magazine. June 2005.
- Book2005Let’s discover our hornbills. Colouring and activity book on Indian hornbills. Hornbill Conservation Program.A Nature Conservation Foundation Publication. 42 pp.Download
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A colouring and activity book for children on Indian hornbills. This book tells you about the nine different hornbill species found in India, how they look, where they live, what they eat and much more!
- Journal Article2005Benthic recovery four years after an El Niño-induced coral mass mortality in the Lakshadweep atollsCurrent Science. 89(4): 694-699Download
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The reefs of the Lakshadweep suffered a mass mortality of coral in 1998, in the wake of an El Niño event of unprecedented severity. In 2002, we conducted a broadscale benthic survey of six atolls in this group to check if there were geographic trends in recovery patterns across the archipelago. Four years after the mass mortality, live coral cover was relatively low on most atolls, and thin algal turfs dominated the benthos. Clear benthic differences were apparent between eastern and western aspects of reefs, pointing to the importance of local hydrodynamic conditions in determining recovery rates. Where recovery was the most apparent, it was dominated by fast-growing and bleaching-resistant coral genera. Despite the apparent lack of recovery at many sites, the reef system did not show signs of having suffered a ‘phase shift’ to a macroalgal state. High herbivorous fish abundance was likely responsible in controlling macrophyte levels, and may be crucial for further benthic recovery in these reefs.
- Journal Article2005Of rights and wrongs: wildlife conservation and the tribal billEconomic and Political Weekly 40: 4893-4895Download
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While the Wildlife Act was always meant to recognise and settle the rights of forest dwellers, in practice, it has been used largely as a blunt instrument to bludgeon them with. It is entirely possible that the Tribal Bill could tomorrow become a similar blunt instrument with which to bludgeon wildlife.