- Journal Article2007Phylogenetic relationships and morphometric affinities of the Arunachal macaque Macaca munzala, a newly described primate from Arunachal Pradesh, northeastern IndiaMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 44(2): 838–849Download
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A new species of primate, the Arunachal macaque Macaca munzala, belonging to the sinica species-group of the genus, was described from northeastern India in 2005, and, based on its appearance and distribution, hypothesised to be closely related to M. assamensis and M. thibetana. We subsequently obtained an entire adult male specimen and tissue remains from two other M. munzala individuals. Molecular analyses establish the distinct identity of the species and indicate a time of origin of c. 0.48 mya for it. The species also shows close phylogenetic affinities with the allopatric M. radiata and with the geographically closer M. assamensis and M. thibetana, possibly mediated by male introgression from an ancestral M. assamensis–M. thibetana stock into an ancestral M. munzala stock. Morphometric analyses, on the other hand, reiterate its close similarity only with M. assamensis and M. thibetana, presumably resulting from convergent evolution under similar ecological conditions and along a latitudinal gradient, as predicted by Bergmann’s and Allen’s rules.
- Book Chapter2007Rainforest restoration and wildife conservation on private lands in the Western Ghats.Making conservation work (eds G. Shahabuddin & M. Rangarajan), pp. 210-240. Permanent Black, Ranikhet, Uttaranchal.
- Journal Article2007A new bird species from Eastern Himalayan Arunachal Pradesh – India’s biological frontier.Current Science 92: 1205-1206.
- Book Chapter2007Hornbill populations in important conservation units along the Western Ghats, India.The Active Management of Hornbills and their Habitats For Conservation, (eds A. C. Kemp & M. I. Kemp), p. 76. CD-ROM Proceedings of the 4th International Hornbill Conference, Mabula Game Lodge, Bela-Bela, South Africa. Naturalists & Nomads, Pretoria.
- Book Chapter2007Effects of habitat alteration on hornbills and frugivorous birds in tropical rainforests of India.The Active Management of Hornbills and their Habitats for Conservation, (eds A. C. Kemp & M. I. Kemp), pp. 383-394. CD-ROM Proceedings of the 4th International Hornbill Conference, Mabula Game Lodge, Bela-Bela, South Africa. Naturalists & Nomads, Pretoria.
- Journal Article2007Responses of small carnivores to rainforest fragmentation in the southern Western Ghats, India.Small Carnivore Conservation 36: 18-26.
- Book Chapter2007Protecting with people in Namdapha: threatened forests, forgotten people.In: G. Shahabuddin & M. Rangarajan (Eds.) Making Conservation Work, Permanent Black, New Delhi.
- Journal Article2007Suceeding poorly or failing better?Seminar 577: 53-57
- Journal Article2007Application of photographic capture-recapture modelling to estimate demographic parameters for male Asian elephantsAnimal Conservation 10: 391-399Download
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In addition to the threats of habitat loss and degradation, adult males of the Asian elephant Elephas maximus also face greater threats from ivory poaching and conflict with humans. To understand the impact of these threats, conservationists need robust estimates of abundance and vital rates specifically for the adult male segment of elephant populations. By integrating the identification of individual male elephants in a population from distinct morphology and natural markings, with modern capture–recapture (CR) sampling designs, it is possible to estimate various demographic parameters that are otherwise difficult to obtain from this long-lived and wide-ranging megaherbivore. In this study, we developed systema- tic individual identification protocols and integrated them into CR sampling designs to obtain capture histories and thereby estimate the abundance of adult bull elephants in a globally important population in southern India. We validated these estimates against those obtained from an independent method combining line-transect density estimates with age–sex composition data for elephants. The sampled population was open to gains and losses between sampling occasions. The abundance of adult males in the 176 km2 study area was N(se N)= 134(14.2) and they comprised 14% ( ± 1%) of the total elephant population. Time-specific abundance estimates for each sampling occasion showed a distinct increase in adult male numbers over the sampling period, explained by seasonal patterns of local migration. CR-based estimates for adult male abundance closely matched estimates from distance-based methods. Thus, while providing abundance data of comparable rigour and precision, photographic CR methods permit estimation of demographic parameters for the Asian elephant that are both urgently needed and difficult to obtain.
- Popular Article2007Namdapha: beyond the tiger.The Hindu Survey of the Environment 2007, pp. 89-95.
- Journal Article2007Pastoral nomads of the Indian Changthang: production system, landuse and socioeconomic changes.Human Ecology, 35, 497-504.
- Poster2006Large Herbivores of Namdaphasupported by Disney Wildlife Conservation Fund, Wildlife Conservation Society and The Ford FoundationDownload
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Namdapha Tiger Reserve, Leaf Muntjac, Black Muntjac, Hog Deer, Musk Deer, Takin, Serow, Red Goral, Barking Deer, Gaur, Wild Pig, Elephant, Sambar
- Journal Article2006Local processes strongly influence post-bleaching benthic recovery in the Lakshadweep IslandsCoral Reefs. 25: 427-440Download
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The atoll reefs of the Lakshadweep, in the Indian Ocean suffered a catastrophic mortality of hard coral in the wake of the El Niño event of 1998. This study tracked changes to coral and other benthic elements in three atolls in the Lakshadweep from 2000 to 2003. The recovery of coral was highly site-specific, and appeared to be driven by differences in post-settlement survival of coral recruits, that were in turn, influenced by the local hydrodynamics of the atolls. Post bleaching recovery was highest on west-facing reefs, while recovery on east-facing reefs was very limited. However, no ‘phase-shift’ to macroalgal dominated reefs was evident. High herbivore pressures were perhaps the most important control of macroalgae. Five years after the mass mortality, the genera that showed the maximum gains represented a mix of different susceptibilities to bleaching, while some genera that were not particularly susceptible to bleaching showed significant declines. These results suggest that decline or recovery of coral is likely dependent on individual life history strategies, post-recruitment survival, and contingency.
- Journal Article2006Decline of the Tibetan gazelle in Ladakh, IndiaOryx, 40, 229-232.
- Journal Article2006Perceived conflicts between pastoralism and conservation of the Kiang Equus kiang in the Ladakh Trans- HimalayaEnvironmental Management, 38, 934-941
- Report2006India’s Tentative List of Natural Heritage Properties to be inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.Submitted to World Heritage Centre, UNESCO, Paris.Download
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The Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India embarked on the process of preparation of its tentative list of natural heritage properties on the world heritage list in 2002 and has identified 7 sub-clusters containing 39 site elements for serial nomination from the Western Ghats in the states of Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. In addition to this, 3 single sites in the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Gujarat have also been identified for inclusion in the tentative list. The tentative list has been prepared through a participative process with active partnership between government, scientific institution (Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun) and civil society organizations (Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and Environment, Bangalore and Nature Conservation Foundation, Mysore)
- Journal Article2006Living with large carnivores: predation on livestock by the snow leopard (Uncia uncia).Journal of Zoology (London), 268, 217-224.
- Poster2006Carnivores of Namdaphasupported by Disney Wildlife Conservation Fund, Wildlife Conservation Society The Ford FoundationDownload
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Namdapha Tiger Reserve, Tiger, Leopard, Clouded Leopard, Black Bear, Marbled Cat, Leopard Cat, Malayan Sun Bear, Wild Dog, Golden Cat
- Poster2006Lesser-known Mammals of Namdaphasupported by Disney Wildlife Conservation Fund Wildlife Conservation Society The Ford FoundationDownload
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Namdapha Tiger Reserve, Red Panda, Chinese Pangolin, Giant Flying Squirrel, Himalayan Crestless Porcupine, Brush-Tailed Porcupine, Malayan Giant Squirrel, Hoary-Bellied Squirrel, Orange-Bellied Squirrel
- Poster2006Sloth Bear (Anamalais , Western Ghats)Download
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Peninsular India, Termites, Ants, Wild Jamuns, Palms, Elalocarps, Tamil