- Report2011People and predators: Leopard diet and interactions with people in a tea plantation dominated landscape in the Anamalai Hills, Western Ghats.NCF Technical Report #18, Nature Conservation Foundation, Mysore.Download
PDF, 3.77 MB
Leopards use a wide range of habitats from natural forests to human-dominated landscapes and conflicts sometimes arise from loss of livestock or attacks on people in interface areas. In a fragmented rainforest and plantation landscape in southern India, we examined diet of large carnivores (particularly leopards) using scat analysis with DNA-based identification of predator species, and relative abundance of prey species in different land-uses using transect surveys. Spatio-temporal patterns in conflict and attitudes of local people were analysed from conflict records with the Forest Department and questionnaire surveys in 28 plantation colonies and eight tribal settlements. Large carnivores predominantly (98.1%) consumed wild prey species and domestic prey species contributed <2% to overall prey biomass. Similarly, for leopards four wild prey species (Indian muntjac, Indian spotted chevrotain, sambar, and Indian porcupine) contributed 95.1% of prey biomass, with the rest being minor wild prey species (no livestock in identified scats). In the landscape, wild prey species persisted but varied in relative abundance by land-use type, with forest fragments supporting higher abundances of most species. ... In a 3-year period (2008 – 2010), 32 head of livestock (cow, buffalo, and goat) were reported by respondents as lost to carnivore depredation (economic loss averaging INR 9732 or ~USD 216 per incident). Over the same period, there were eight attacks on people, resulting in three fatalities (all children). Attitudes towards leopards were not affected by incidence of livestock depredation, but related instead to occurrence of attacks on people in the colony. Livestock depredation at a colony was significantly and positively related to livestock numbers, and interactively with distance from protected area (positive) and number of people (negative). To minimise conflicts, we suggest adoption of a combination of measures including better herding, improved livestock corrals, safety precautions for adults and children at night in estates, and proper waste management, besides protection of habitat remnants that sustain wild prey populations. These will help safeguard human life and reduce economic losses, thereby mitigating conflict and promoting human – leopard coexistence in such landscapes.
- Popular Article2011Wild blames wildCare4NatureDownload
PDF, 2.66 MB
Impact of dog on red fox
- Poster2011Ecosystem Processessupported by Whitley Fund For NatureDownload
PDF, 24 MB
Rainforests, Flycatchers, Bats, Leopards, Mouse Deer, King Cobra, Owl, Butterflies, Hornbills, Macaques, Fruit Bats, Civets, Rodents, Beetles, Termites, Earthworms, Bacteria, Fungi
- Popular Article2011Trumpeting their causeThe Hindu Young World. 19th July.
Jeganathan, P. (2011). Trumpeting their cause. The Hindu Young World. 19th July. http://www.thehindu.com/life-and-style/kids/article2237914.ece
- Popular Article2011Remembering Charles Darwin.The Hindu Young World. 15th February.
Jeganathan, P. (2011). Remembering Charles Darwin. The Hindu Young World. 15th February.
- Journal Article2011Less than wild? Commensal primates and wildlife conservationJournal of Biosciences 36: 749-753
- Report2011Framing ecologically sound policy on linear intrusions affecting wildlife habitats: Background paper for the National Board for Wildlife, Ministry of Environment and Forest, India.
PDF available at iMinistry of Environment and Forest, India, website. Click here to download.
- Report2011Wildlife in the Havukal – Warwick estates, Nilgiris: a field survey and inventory report.Nature Conservation Foundation, Mysore.
Jeganathan, P. & Murali, R. (2011). Wildlife in the Havukal – Warwick estates, Nilgiris: a field survey and inventory report. Nature Conservation Foundation, Mysore.
- Popular Article2011Staying legal, staying reasonableDown To Earth, 15 November 2011
Full article accessible here
- Journal Article2011Patterns of spatiotemporal change in large mammal distribution and abundance in the southern Western Ghats, IndiaBiological Conservation 144: 1567-1576Download
PDF, 661 KB
Large mammals face high risks of anthropogenic extinction owing to their larger body mass and associated life history traits. Recent worldwide mammal declines have highlighted the conservation importance of effective assessments of trends in distribution and abundance of species. Yet reliable data depicting the nature and extent of changes in population parameters is sparse, primarily due to logistical problems in covering large areas and difficulties in obtaining reliable information at large spatial scales, particularly over time. We used key informant surveys to generate detection histories for 18 species of large mammals (body mass > 2 kg) at two points in time (present and 30 years ago) in the Southern subregion of the Western Ghats global biodiversity hotspot. Multiple-season occupancy models were used to assess temporal trends in occupancy, detectability and vital rates of extinction and colonization for each species. Our results show significant declines in distribution for large carnivores, the Asian elephant and endemic ungulates and primates. There is a significant decline in detectability for 16 species, which suggests a decline in their abundance. These patterns of change in distribution and abundance repeat in our assessments of spatial variation in occupancy dynamics between the three contiguous forest complexes and two human-dominated landscapes into which the southern Western Ghats has been fragmented. Extinction rates are highest in the human-dominated landscapes. Declines in abundance for several species suggest the presence of extinction debts, which may soon be repaid with imminent range contractions and subsequent species extinctions unless immediate remedial conservation measures are taken. Detection/non-detection surveys of key informants used in an occupancy modeling framework provide potential for rapid conservation status assessments of multiple species across large spatial scales over time.
- Popular Article2011A remnant taleSanctuary Asia 31 (5):42-47Download
PDF, 1.1 MB
Natural history of the stump-tailed macaque, one of India’s least- known primates that is holding on for dear life in Assam’s tiny but rich Hollongapar Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary.
- Popular Article2011Over one hundred years of solitudeZoo’s Print 26 : 5-8
- Popular Article2011Roads, revetments and restorationBlog post at Reviving Rainforest
- Popular Article2011Habitat is the key.Down To Earth. October 1-15. Page 31.Download
PDF, 1.16 MB
Jeganathan, P. (2011). Habitat is the key. Down To Earth. October 1-15. Page 31.
- Popular Article2011Through democracy or by diktat? Creating inviolate areas for wildlife conservationThe Hindu Survey of the Environment 2011
- Popular Article2011Conserving the tiger needs putting people firstTimes of India, 4 March 2011
- Report2011Linking rural energy and nature conservation in a tribal village in Arunachal PradeshFinal Report submitted to DST, New Delhi, May 2011, 22 pp.
- Popular Article2011இளைய தலைமுறைக்கு மழைக்காட்டைப்பற்றிய தகவல்கள்http://hindi.mongabay.com/tamil/kids/
Rhett Butler (2006). Rain forest information for school kids. http://kids.mongabay.com/ In Tamil: by P. Jeganathan (2011). Ilaya thalaimuraiku Mazaikattai patriya Thagavalgal.
- Journal Article2011Farmland foods: Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus prey items in an agricultural landscapeForktail 27: 98-100
- Poster2011Some Birds Of The Nilgirissupported by Whitley Fund For NatureDownload
PDF, 22.7 MB
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, Emerald Dove, Hill Myna, Indian Pitta, Jerdon's Nightjar, The Great Hornbill, Grey Wagtail, Black Eagle, Stork-billed Kingfisher, Blue-bearded Bee-eater, Spot-bellied Eagle Owl, Malabar Trogon