- Report2011People and predators: Leopard diet and interactions with people in a tea plantation dominated landscape in the Anamalai Hills, Western Ghats.NCF Technical Report #18, Nature Conservation Foundation, Mysore.Download
PDF, 3.77 MB
Leopards use a wide range of habitats from natural forests to human-dominated landscapes and conflicts sometimes arise from loss of livestock or attacks on people in interface areas. In a fragmented rainforest and plantation landscape in southern India, we examined diet of large carnivores (particularly leopards) using scat analysis with DNA-based identification of predator species, and relative abundance of prey species in different land-uses using transect surveys. Spatio-temporal patterns in conflict and attitudes of local people were analysed from conflict records with the Forest Department and questionnaire surveys in 28 plantation colonies and eight tribal settlements. Large carnivores predominantly (98.1%) consumed wild prey species and domestic prey species contributed <2% to overall prey biomass. Similarly, for leopards four wild prey species (Indian muntjac, Indian spotted chevrotain, sambar, and Indian porcupine) contributed 95.1% of prey biomass, with the rest being minor wild prey species (no livestock in identified scats). In the landscape, wild prey species persisted but varied in relative abundance by land-use type, with forest fragments supporting higher abundances of most species. ... In a 3-year period (2008 – 2010), 32 head of livestock (cow, buffalo, and goat) were reported by respondents as lost to carnivore depredation (economic loss averaging INR 9732 or ~USD 216 per incident). Over the same period, there were eight attacks on people, resulting in three fatalities (all children). Attitudes towards leopards were not affected by incidence of livestock depredation, but related instead to occurrence of attacks on people in the colony. Livestock depredation at a colony was significantly and positively related to livestock numbers, and interactively with distance from protected area (positive) and number of people (negative). To minimise conflicts, we suggest adoption of a combination of measures including better herding, improved livestock corrals, safety precautions for adults and children at night in estates, and proper waste management, besides protection of habitat remnants that sustain wild prey populations. These will help safeguard human life and reduce economic losses, thereby mitigating conflict and promoting human – leopard coexistence in such landscapes.
- Book Review2010Culled from Nature – Book Review of Sprint of the Blackbuck.The Hindu Literary Review. 5th September. http://www.hindu.com/lr/2010/09/05/stories/2010090550080300.htm
Jeganathan, P. (2010). Culled from Nature – Book Review of Sprint of the Blackbuck. The Hindu Literary Review. 5th September. http://www.hindu.com/lr/2010/09/05/stories/2010090550080300.htm
- Popular Article2010Nobody’s heroesTimes of India, 31 December 2010
- Popular Article2010The Journey of a Rainforest seedCare4Nature.January.Pp24-29. http://emagazine.care4nature.org/emagazine-jan2011/index.htmlDownload
PDF, 2.35 MB
Jeganathan, P & Swati, S. (2010). The Journey of a Rainforest seed. Care4Nature.January.Pp24-29. http://emagazine.care4nature.org/emagazine-jan2011/index.html
- Popular Article2010Change the hunterTimes of India, 30 April 2010
- Journal Article2010Why should a grazer browse? Livestock impact on winter resource use by bharal Pseudois nayaur.Oecologia, DOI 10.1007/s00442-009-1467-x.
- Popular Article2010Saving SahyadriFrontline 27(24):64-72Download
PDF, 858 KB
Tigers are on the retreat from the Sahyadris and the predator’s preferred prey, the sambar, is on the decline.
- Book2010Rainforest restoration: a guide to principles and practice.Nature Conservation Foundation, Mysore.
- Popular Article2010Saving a culture of coexistenceTimes of India, 28 May 2010
- Popular Article2010Ecotourist, tread carefully!Deccan Herald, 11 May 2010
- Popular Article2010Wildlife beyond bordersTimes of India, 30 July 2010
- Popular Article2010Can we hear the roar again?The Hindu Young World, 3rd August
Jeganathan, P. (2010). Can we hear the roar again? The Hindu Young World, 3rdAugust. http://www.hindu.com/yw/2010/08/03/stories/2010080350240200.htm
- Journal Article2010The birds of Namdapha National Park: recent significant records and a checklist of the species.Forktail 26: 108-132.
- Journal Article2010Commercializing bycatch can push a fishery beyond economic extinctionConservation Letters 3: 277-285Download
PDF, 255 KB
Tropical bottom trawling is among the most destructive fishing practices, catch- ing large quantities of bycatch, which are usually discarded. We used question- naire surveys of trawl fishers to look at changes in catches over the last 30 years (1978–2008) along India’s Coromandel Coast. We show that catches and in- come from target species have declined sharply over the last two decades. Meanwhile, costs of fishing have increased substantially and now almost ex- ceed income from target species. Over the same period, bycatch (which was traditionally discarded) has now become increasingly marketable, being sold for local consumption, and as fish meal to supply the region’s rapidly growing poultry industry. Without this income from bycatch, the fishery would scarcely be economically viable. While such a change in the use of bycatch is good news in terms of reducing waste and improving livelihoods, it is also responsible for pushing the Indian bottom trawl fishery beyond the economic extinction of its target species.
- Journal Article2010Multi-spatial co-distribution of the endangered Ladakh urial and blue sheep in the arid Trans-Himalayan mountains.Journal of Arid Environments, 74 : 1162–1169.
- Journal Article2010Trawling the shorelinesSeminar. September 2010. Nature without Borders: A symposium on innovative approaches to conserving nature and wildlife
Fishing in India has grown exponentially. It is an industry adapting to its own economic impulses, keeping itself afloat – quite literally – by responding to changes in supply and demand, seeking new markets, repackaging its products and by-products to woo these new markets, reinventing itself constantly in order to survive. The upshot of this industrial inventiveness is that a system of production that should have been designated unsustainable years ago, continues to persist at an increasing ecological cost. And since all of this happens beneath the waves, it largely escapes the noisy debates over the vanishing wilds.
In this paper we present a potted history of trawl fishing along the Indian coastline, and trace its ecological and economic fallout to coastal communities, both human and marine. We discuss the factors currently driving the economics of trawling within the Indian scenario, and explore potential directions towards a more meaningful management of this harvest. Our discussion focuses on fishery off the Coromandel coast, since that is the area we are most familiar with, but it is indicative of much of the rest of the Indian coastline.
- Popular Article2010The diverse economy of natureDeccan Herald, 19 January 2010
- Popular Article2010Dragonflies and Damselflies-bejeweled aerial predatorsSanctuary Asia. August. Pp 56-59.Download
PDF, 328 KB
Jeganathan, P. (2010). Dragonflies and Damselflies-bejeweled aerial predators. Sanctuary Asia. August. Pp 56-59.
- Newsletter2010Sarusscape: A rich tapestryThe ICF Bugle 35(1): 1-2
- Popular Article2010Cry in the WildernessFrontline 26(26): 64-74
Many conservation issues need to be addressed to ensure the future of the wildlife in the Cauvery forests.