- Report2011People and predators: Leopard diet and interactions with people in a tea plantation dominated landscape in the Anamalai Hills, Western Ghats.NCF Technical Report #18, Nature Conservation Foundation, Mysore.Download
PDF, 3.77 MB
Leopards use a wide range of habitats from natural forests to human-dominated landscapes and conflicts sometimes arise from loss of livestock or attacks on people in interface areas. In a fragmented rainforest and plantation landscape in southern India, we examined diet of large carnivores (particularly leopards) using scat analysis with DNA-based identification of predator species, and relative abundance of prey species in different land-uses using transect surveys. Spatio-temporal patterns in conflict and attitudes of local people were analysed from conflict records with the Forest Department and questionnaire surveys in 28 plantation colonies and eight tribal settlements. Large carnivores predominantly (98.1%) consumed wild prey species and domestic prey species contributed <2% to overall prey biomass. Similarly, for leopards four wild prey species (Indian muntjac, Indian spotted chevrotain, sambar, and Indian porcupine) contributed 95.1% of prey biomass, with the rest being minor wild prey species (no livestock in identified scats). In the landscape, wild prey species persisted but varied in relative abundance by land-use type, with forest fragments supporting higher abundances of most species. ... In a 3-year period (2008 – 2010), 32 head of livestock (cow, buffalo, and goat) were reported by respondents as lost to carnivore depredation (economic loss averaging INR 9732 or ~USD 216 per incident). Over the same period, there were eight attacks on people, resulting in three fatalities (all children). Attitudes towards leopards were not affected by incidence of livestock depredation, but related instead to occurrence of attacks on people in the colony. Livestock depredation at a colony was significantly and positively related to livestock numbers, and interactively with distance from protected area (positive) and number of people (negative). To minimise conflicts, we suggest adoption of a combination of measures including better herding, improved livestock corrals, safety precautions for adults and children at night in estates, and proper waste management, besides protection of habitat remnants that sustain wild prey populations. These will help safeguard human life and reduce economic losses, thereby mitigating conflict and promoting human – leopard coexistence in such landscapes.
- Popular Article2011வளங்குன்றா விவசாயமும் பல்லுயிர்ப் பாதுகாப்பும் (Sustainable Agriculture and Biodiversity Conservation)பூவுலகு. ஜூலை -ஆகஸ்ட் 2011 பக்கங்கள் 47-49/ Poovulagu. Jul-Aug, Pp 47-49.
வளங்குன்றா விவசாயமும் பல்லுயிர்ப் பாதுகாப்பும்.பூவுலகு. ஜூலை -ஆகஸ்ட் 2011 பக்கங்கள் 47-49. [Jeganathan, P. (2011). Valangundra Vivasayamum Pallyuir Pathugappum. Poovulagu. Jul-Aug, Pp 47-49.(Sustainable Agriculture and Biodiversity Conservation)]
- Popular Article2011வேழங்களை வாழவைக்க. (To save our Asiatic Elephants)துளிர். அக்டோபர் 2011. பக்கங்கள் 7-10. Thulir. Science monthly magazine for Kids. Pp 7-10.
- Poster2011Endemic Mammals of The Nilgirissupported by Whitley Fund for NatureDownload
PDF, 25.5 MB
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, Brown Palm Civet, Malabar Spiny Doormouse, Brown Mongoose Lion, Lion-tailed Macaque, Nilgiri Langur, Nilgiri Tahr, Stripe-necked Mongoose
- Poster2011Endemic birds of the Western Ghatssupported by Whitley Fund for NatureDownload
PDF, 18.5 MB
Western Ghats, Nilgiri Laughingthrush, Rufous Babbler, White-bellied Shortwing, Broad-tailed Grassbird, Yellow-throated Bulbul, White-cheeked Barbed, Black-and-Orange Flycatcher, Malabar Grey Hornbill
- Report2010A Species Recovery Plan for Jerdon's Courser Rhinoptilus bitorquatusAndhra Pradesh Forest DepartmentDownload
PDF, 905 KB
Anon. (2010) A Species Recovery Plan for Jerdon’s Courser Rhinoptilus bitorquatus, Andhra Pradesh Forest Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad.
- Popular Article2010My burrow the center of my lifeHornbill, January-March, 26-29.
- Popular Article2010The Mukurthy-Mudumalai Large Mammal CorridorSanctuary Asia, Oct 2010 : 72-73
- Journal Article2010Effects of plantations and home-gardens on tropical forest bird communities and mixed-species bird flocks in the southern Western Ghats.Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 107: 91-108.Download
PDF, 1.4 MB
Conservation scientists and policy makers are increasingly aware of the role countryside habitats play in supporting tropical fauna in modern landscapes. We studied the value of different land-uses by examining composition of tropical bird communities and mixed-species bird flocks in human-altered landscapes of Thattekad and the Anamalai Hills, situated in two different altitudes, in the southern Western Ghats. Sixteen line transects distributed across tropical rainforests, shade plantations of coffee and cardamom, timber monocultures of teak, tea plantations, and home-gardens were surveyed for bird flocks, vegetation structure, foliage profile, and canopy attributes. Results indicate that tea plantations were extremely altered habitats, supporting few rainforest species and were devoid of mixed-species bird flocks. Teak monocultures had high species density but were less conducive for rainforest species that require a well developed and structurally more complex habitat. While bird species richness varied little across land-uses, there was significant variation in community composition, with some sensitive bird species absent from all altered habitats. Coffee plantations with surviving rainforest fragments and cardamom plantations with more native shade trees that mimicked a forest habitat supported more rainforest bird species both in communities and flocks. Maintenance of these shade plantations and restoration of forest fragments is recommended, while their conversion into a poor, more open habitat (tea, teak) is strongly discouraged for bird conservation in fragmented landscapes.
- Journal Article2010Proposed methods to capture and radio-tag the critically endangered Jerdon's Couser in Andhra Pradesh, India.Telemetry in Wildlife Science, ENVIS Bulletin. WII -Dehradun.Download
PDF, 4.95 MB
Jeganathan, P., Green, R.E., Rahmani, A.R (2010) Proposed methods to capture and radio-tag the critically endangered Jerdon's Couser in Andhra Pradesh, India (in). Sivakumar, K. and Habib,B. (Eds.) 2010. Telemetry in Wildlife Science, ENVIS Bulletin: Widlife & Protected Areas. Vol. 13 No. 1. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun - 248001. India. Pp. 205-210.
- Popular Article2010Lure of the wildFrontline 27(5): 64-73
- Popular Article2010Saving a culture of coexistenceTimes of India, 28 May 2010
- Popular Article2010The elephant in your coffeeTimes of India, 25 June 2010
- Popular Article2010The Journey of a Rainforest seedCare4Nature.January.Pp24-29. http://emagazine.care4nature.org/emagazine-jan2011/index.htmlDownload
PDF, 2.35 MB
Jeganathan, P & Swati, S. (2010). The Journey of a Rainforest seed. Care4Nature.January.Pp24-29. http://emagazine.care4nature.org/emagazine-jan2011/index.html
- Journal Article2010The birds of Namdapha National Park: recent significant records and a checklist of the species.Forktail 26: 108-132.
- Popular Article2010Nobody’s heroesTimes of India, 31 December 2010
- Popular Article2010Wildlife beyond bordersTimes of India, 30 July 2010
- Journal Article2010Genetic Polymorphism in the Serotonin Transporter Promoter Region and Ecological Success in MacaquesBehaviour Genetics, 40: 672-679Download
PDF, 404 KB
A well-characterised sequence length poly- morphism in the serotonin transporter promoter region (5-HTTLPR) influences individual behavioural traits and cognitive abilities in humans and rhesus macaques. Maca- ques have been classified into four continuous grades on the basis of their behavioural attributes, ranging from highly hierarchical and nepotistic species to the most egalitarian and tolerant ones. A comparative study of several species that spanned these grades revealed only rhesus macaques to be polymorphic at the 5-HTTLPR and concluded that the polymorphism was responsible for their despotic and aggressive behaviour (Wendland et al., Behav Genet 36:163–172, 2006). We studied wild populations of three other species and found that the egalitarian and tolerant bonnet and Arunachal macaques are also polymorphic while liontailed macaques, although belonging to the same group, are monomorphic. We thus reject a role for this particular polymorphism in interspecific behavioural vari- ability and show that polymorphic species enjoy greater ecological success possibly due to their higher infraspecific variability in individual behavioural traits.
- Popular Article2010Monkey Watcher’s DiarySanctuary Asia 30(5):38:41
- Popular Article2010Need to preserve natural capitalMint, 5 June 2010