- Popular Article2012No mermaid fairytaleDown to Earth, August issue
- Popular Article2012The incredible adventures of a seedThe Hindu in School, 28 November
- Working Paper2012A Critique of the Nyamjang Chhu Hydro-electric power project Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Environmental Management Plan (EMP)NCF Working Paper 2, Nature Conservation Foundation, Mysore.
- Popular Article2012காடென்ன செய்தது நமக்கு? (On what can we do for Wildlife conservation?)புதிய தலைமுறை. 1 நவம்பர் 2012. Puthiya Thalaimurai. 1st November 2012.
- Popular Article2012Expedition North AndamanThe Hindu in School, 12 September
- Popular Article2012The sheep that isn'tThe Hindu in School, 20 June
- Popular Article2012முந்தோன்றி மூத்தவரே. (On South Indian Primates)புதிய தலைமுறை. 16ஆகஸ்டு 2012. Puthiya Thalaimurai. 16th August 2012.
- Popular Article2012Bird Migrations: Adaptations and threatsThe Hindu in School, 31 October
- Popular Article2012The fading of an invisible mapThe Hindu, February 11th, Magazine Section
- Journal Article2012Optimizing individual identification and survey effort for photographic capture–recapture sampling of species with temporally variable morphological traitsAnimal Conservation 15(2): 174-183
Endangered, wide-ranging megafauna have many threats to contend with during their struggle for survival in an ever-increasing human dominance of the environment. Reliable monitoring of endangered large mammal populations is therefore a critical conservation requirement. Photographic capture–recapture (CR) techniques have opened up avenues for population monitoring of individually recognizable large mammal species. The efficient application of these techniques, however, can be constrained by challenges in reliably identifying individuals arising from the use of multiple, and potentially variable traits, as well as issues of temporal sampling of populations in the field. We address these key problems by describing an automated process of rapidly identifying individual Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) from photographs, and comparing resultant CR-based population parameter estimates with those obtained using supervised visual identification of individuals. In addition, we assess the temporal effort necessary for robust estimation of demographic parameters in our study population. Morphological traits that maintain constancy over time, including variations in tusk characteristics, and ear fold and lobe shape, proved the most reliable for individual identification and subsequent estimation of population parameters. The use of temporally variable traits contributed to high probabilities of misidentification and biased estimates of population size. We found a minimum of seven sampling occasions necessary for reliable population estimation. Our study contributes to design issues for CR studies by providing insights into optimality of sampling effort such that precision of parameter estimates are not compromised while minimizing survey costs. We demonstrate the importance of accurate individual identification in the context of such studies and recommend the use of fixed morphological traits as the optimal individual identification strategy for species where animals are distinguished on the basis of multiple attributes, including some that may be variable over time.
- Report2012NCF Annual Report 2012
- Journal Article2012Impact of vehicular traffic on large mammal use of highway-edges in southern IndiaCurrent Science 102(7): 1047-1051Download
PDF, 166 KB
India’s phenomenal economic growth over the last decade has been accompanied by a much-needed expansion and improvement in transport and other infrastructure networks. While there are legally mandated assessments of the potential ecological impacts of such infrastructure projects prior to implementation, rarely are there post-implementation assessments of their real ecological impacts. In this communication, we present results of a preliminary study examining the impact of vehicular traffic on the usage of road edges by large mammals along a highway passing through Nagarahole Tiger Reserve, southern India. We estimated large mammal encounter rates at remotely triggered camera traps on two consecutive sections of the same highway – one closed to vehicular traffic and the other open to vehicles only during daytime. We observed lower encounter rates of chital, gaur and elephants at camera traps in the highway segment with higher vehicular traffic density, suggesting that these species avoided busy highways. Based on our findings, we emphasize the importance of continued ecological impact assessments of development projects to identify and mitigate unforeseen impacts. Further, an approach to development planning that integrates conservation concerns, especially where development projects coincide with ecologically critical areas, is urgently needed in India.
- Popular Article2012பூஞ்சைக்கு வந்த மவுசே! (On Fungi)புதிய தலைமுறை. 25அக்டோபர் 2012. Puthiya Thalaimurai. 25th October 2012.
- Popular Article2012Twinkle, twinkle, little batThe Hindu in School 2 May
- Popular Article2012A home for the house sparrowThe Hindu in School, 18 April
Jeganathan, P. (2012). A home for the house sparrow. The Hindu in School, 18 April.
- Journal Article2012Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas.Nature 489: 290-294.
- Popular Article2012Islands in peril: Conservation caveats.The Hindu Magazine, Sunday 26 February 2012, page 4.
- Popular Article2012Dolphins for the GovernorThe Hindu in School, 22 August
- Popular Article2012ஒரு மழைக்காட்டு விதையின் பயணம். (The Journey of a Rainforest seed)தினமணி நாளிதழ் – கொண்டாட்டம் இணைப்பில். 11 மார்ச் 2012. Dinamani- Tamil Newspaper. 11th March 2012.
ஒரு மழைக்காட்டு விதையின் பயணம். தினமணி நாளிதழ் – கொண்டாட்டம் இணைப்பில். 11 மார்ச் 2012. [Jeganathan, P. (2012).Oru Mazaikkatu vithaiyin payanam.Dinamani- Tamil Newspaper. Date: 11thMarch (The Journey of a Rainforest seed)]
- Popular Article2012As the crow flies…The Hindu in School, 25 April
Jeganathan, P. (2012). As the crow flies… The Hindu in School, 25April.