- Book Chapter2007Hornbill populations in important conservation units along the Western Ghats, India.The Active Management of Hornbills and their Habitats For Conservation, (eds A. C. Kemp & M. I. Kemp), p. 76. CD-ROM Proceedings of the 4th International Hornbill Conference, Mabula Game Lodge, Bela-Bela, South Africa. Naturalists & Nomads, Pretoria.
- Book Chapter2007Protecting with people in Namdapha: threatened forests, forgotten people.In: G. Shahabuddin & M. Rangarajan (Eds.) Making Conservation Work, Permanent Black, New Delhi.
- Book Chapter2005Eight years monitoring of Malabar grey hornbill Ocyceros griseus nest cavity use and dynamics in the Anamalai rainforest, India.The ecology of hornbills: reproduction and population (eds S. Lum & P. Poonswad), pp. 3-10. Pimdee Karnpim Co., Ltd., Bangkok.
- Book Chapter2005Local hunting and large mammal conservationPages 60-67 in Wildlife Conservation, Research and Management. Y. V. Jhala, R. Chellam, & Q. Qureshi (eds.), Technical Publication No. RR-05/001, Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, India.
- Book Chapter2004Western Ghats and Sri LankaHotspots revisited—Earth’s biologically richest and most endangered ecoregions (Eds R. A. Mittermeier, P. R. Gil, M. Hoffmann, J. Pilgrim, T. Brooks, C. G. Mittermeier, J. Lamoureux & G. A. B. da Fonseca), pp. 152-157. CEMEX, Mexico.
- Book Chapter2003Why big fierce animals are threatened: conserving large mammals in densely populated landscapesPages 31-55 in V. K. Saberwal & M. Rangarajan (editors) Battles over Nature: Science and the Politics of Conservation. Permanent Black, New Delhi, India.
- Book Chapter2002Mitigating human wildlife conflicts in Southern AsiaPages 250-264 in J. Terborgh, C. van Schaik, L. Davenport, & M. Rao (editors) Making Parks Work: Strategies for Preserving Tropical Nature. Island Press, Washington DC, USA.
- Book Chapter2000Hunting for an answer: Is local hunting compatible with large mammal conservation in India?Pages 339-355 in J. G. Robinson & E. L. Bennett (editors) Hunting for Sustainability in the Tropics. Columbia University Press, New York, USA.
- Book Chapter2000India and Sri LankaCoral reefs of the Indian Ocean : their ecology and conservation (eds T. R. McClanahan, C. Shepperd & D. Obura), pp. 295-324.Oxford University Press, New York.Download
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The subcontinent of India occupies a large area of the tropical Indian Ocean, but it has a scant growth of coral reefs along its coasts. Several factors limit reef development here, chief among them being turbid waters stirred by monsoonal systems, fresh water runoff from rivers, and a heavy human population and development pressure along the entire coastline. The island complexes around India, in contrast, show healthy reef growth and support high species diversities. The biological affinities of the reefs include species assemblages typical of the western Indian Ocean and the southeast Asian and central Pacific fauna, and a large variety of habitats and environmental conditions. The reefs of India and Sri Lanka include some of the most used and degraded, as well as some of the most untouched in the region. Although marine protected areas in this region originate from the 1980s, environmental managers rely on an incomplete knowledge of the status and ecology of the reefs. With increasing resource-extraction pressure on these reefs, due to increasing human population and tourism, there is a danger of losing these ecosystems through ignorance and unplanned management. In this chapter we will give a broad overview of the physical and biogeographic influences that shape the reefs of the subcontinent and its islands, and present the major threats to their conservation. The conservation of these reefs may be more limited by their shared cultural and economic institutions so we will also attempt to synthesize the social, economic, and political environment within which rational management will take place, and to identify priority areas for future research and management.