- Report2011People and predators: Leopard diet and interactions with people in a tea plantation dominated landscape in the Anamalai Hills, Western Ghats.NCF Technical Report #18, Nature Conservation Foundation, Mysore.Download
PDF, 3.77 MB
Leopards use a wide range of habitats from natural forests to human-dominated landscapes and conflicts sometimes arise from loss of livestock or attacks on people in interface areas. In a fragmented rainforest and plantation landscape in southern India, we examined diet of large carnivores (particularly leopards) using scat analysis with DNA-based identification of predator species, and relative abundance of prey species in different land-uses using transect surveys. Spatio-temporal patterns in conflict and attitudes of local people were analysed from conflict records with the Forest Department and questionnaire surveys in 28 plantation colonies and eight tribal settlements. Large carnivores predominantly (98.1%) consumed wild prey species and domestic prey species contributed <2% to overall prey biomass. Similarly, for leopards four wild prey species (Indian muntjac, Indian spotted chevrotain, sambar, and Indian porcupine) contributed 95.1% of prey biomass, with the rest being minor wild prey species (no livestock in identified scats). In the landscape, wild prey species persisted but varied in relative abundance by land-use type, with forest fragments supporting higher abundances of most species. ... In a 3-year period (2008 – 2010), 32 head of livestock (cow, buffalo, and goat) were reported by respondents as lost to carnivore depredation (economic loss averaging INR 9732 or ~USD 216 per incident). Over the same period, there were eight attacks on people, resulting in three fatalities (all children). Attitudes towards leopards were not affected by incidence of livestock depredation, but related instead to occurrence of attacks on people in the colony. Livestock depredation at a colony was significantly and positively related to livestock numbers, and interactively with distance from protected area (positive) and number of people (negative). To minimise conflicts, we suggest adoption of a combination of measures including better herding, improved livestock corrals, safety precautions for adults and children at night in estates, and proper waste management, besides protection of habitat remnants that sustain wild prey populations. These will help safeguard human life and reduce economic losses, thereby mitigating conflict and promoting human – leopard coexistence in such landscapes.
- Popular Article2011Staying legal, staying reasonableDown To Earth, 15 November 2011
Full article accessible here
- Popular Article2011வளங்குன்றா விவசாயமும் பல்லுயிர்ப் பாதுகாப்பும் (Sustainable Agriculture and Biodiversity Conservation)பூவுலகு. ஜூலை -ஆகஸ்ட் 2011 பக்கங்கள் 47-49/ Poovulagu. Jul-Aug, Pp 47-49.
வளங்குன்றா விவசாயமும் பல்லுயிர்ப் பாதுகாப்பும்.பூவுலகு. ஜூலை -ஆகஸ்ட் 2011 பக்கங்கள் 47-49. [Jeganathan, P. (2011). Valangundra Vivasayamum Pallyuir Pathugappum. Poovulagu. Jul-Aug, Pp 47-49.(Sustainable Agriculture and Biodiversity Conservation)]
- Popular Article2011வேழங்களை வாழவைக்க. (To save our Asiatic Elephants)துளிர். அக்டோபர் 2011. பக்கங்கள் 7-10. Thulir. Science monthly magazine for Kids. Pp 7-10.
- Popular Article2011Remembering Charles Darwin.The Hindu Young World. 15th February.
Jeganathan, P. (2011). Remembering Charles Darwin. The Hindu Young World. 15th February.
- Poster2011Endemic Mammals of The Nilgirissupported by Whitley Fund for NatureDownload
PDF, 25.5 MB
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, Brown Palm Civet, Malabar Spiny Doormouse, Brown Mongoose Lion, Lion-tailed Macaque, Nilgiri Langur, Nilgiri Tahr, Stripe-necked Mongoose
- Poster2011Endemic birds of the Western Ghatssupported by Whitley Fund for NatureDownload
PDF, 18.5 MB
Western Ghats, Nilgiri Laughingthrush, Rufous Babbler, White-bellied Shortwing, Broad-tailed Grassbird, Yellow-throated Bulbul, White-cheeked Barbed, Black-and-Orange Flycatcher, Malabar Grey Hornbill
- Popular Article2011Wild blames wildCare4NatureDownload
PDF, 2.66 MB
Impact of dog on red fox
- Popular Article2011Habitat is the key.Down To Earth. October 1-15. Page 31.Download
PDF, 1.16 MB
Jeganathan, P. (2011). Habitat is the key. Down To Earth. October 1-15. Page 31.
- Poster2011Ecosystem Processessupported by Whitley Fund For NatureDownload
PDF, 24 MB
Rainforests, Flycatchers, Bats, Leopards, Mouse Deer, King Cobra, Owl, Butterflies, Hornbills, Macaques, Fruit Bats, Civets, Rodents, Beetles, Termites, Earthworms, Bacteria, Fungi
- Popular Article2010சிறுத்தையும்நாமும்–யாருக்குயார்எதிரி? (Leopard and Us – who is enemy towhom?)பூவுலகு. பக்கங்கள் 34-37. Poovulagu. September. Pp 34-37.
- Journal Article2010Commercializing bycatch can push a fishery beyond economic extinctionConservation Letters 3: 277-285Download
PDF, 255 KB
Tropical bottom trawling is among the most destructive fishing practices, catch- ing large quantities of bycatch, which are usually discarded. We used question- naire surveys of trawl fishers to look at changes in catches over the last 30 years (1978–2008) along India’s Coromandel Coast. We show that catches and in- come from target species have declined sharply over the last two decades. Meanwhile, costs of fishing have increased substantially and now almost ex- ceed income from target species. Over the same period, bycatch (which was traditionally discarded) has now become increasingly marketable, being sold for local consumption, and as fish meal to supply the region’s rapidly growing poultry industry. Without this income from bycatch, the fishery would scarcely be economically viable. While such a change in the use of bycatch is good news in terms of reducing waste and improving livelihoods, it is also responsible for pushing the Indian bottom trawl fishery beyond the economic extinction of its target species.
- Journal Article2010Ensuring the future of the tiger and other large mammals in the southern portion of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, southern IndiaJournal of the Bombay Natural History Society 107: 77-85Download
PDF, 409 KB
The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, at the tri-junction of Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka, constitutes arguably one of the finest conservation landscapes in the global range of the tiger. We surveyed the southern part of this region, as well as the adjoining areas, to assess the status of large mammals both within and outside protected areas. Our field assessments suggest that large mammals are almost exclusively confined to protected areas with the few remaining populations outside under severe threat from habitat degradation and poaching. However, large stretches of contiguous forests still remain. We suggest the extension of the recently notified Mudumalai Tiger Reserve in Tamil Nadu such that connectivity is retained and strengthened with Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary of Karnataka to the north-east and with Silent Valley National Park of Kerala to the south. We also provide suggestions on strengthening conservation in this landscape. The involvement of local communities in the establishment of the Siruvani Conservation Reserve in Kerala and Tamil Nadu, and Nilambur Conservation Reserve in Kerala, will bolster the conservation of large mammals in this landscape. With the suggested extension, Mudumalai Tiger Reserve has the potential of becoming arguably the finest habitat for tigers across Asia, given the variations in altitude, topography and climate which produce a diversity of vegetation types and consequently, provide the tiger with an assortment of prey ranging from Nilgiri Tahr in the high altitude montane grasslands to Blackbuck in the low-lying dry deciduous and thorn scrub forests.
- Book Chapter2010Multiple Use of Trans-Himalayan Rangelands: Reconciling Human Livelihoods withWildlife Conservation.Wild Rangelands: Conserving Wildlife While Maintaining Livestock in Semi-Arid Ecosystem (eds J. T. Toit, R. Kock & J. C. Deutsch), pp. 291-311. Blackwell Publishing.
- Popular Article2010The diverse economy of natureDeccan Herald, 19 January 2010
- Popular Article2010Watching dragons and damselsCare4Nature. June. Pp 12-15. http://emagazine.care4nature.org/emagazine-june/index.htmlDownload
PDF, 962 KB
Jeganathan, P. (2010). Watching dragons and damsels. Care4Nature. June. Pp 12-15. http://emagazine.care4nature.org/emagazine-june/index.html
- Journal Article2010The birds of Namdapha National Park: recent significant records and a checklist of the species.Forktail 26: 108-132.
- Popular Article2010Whose land is it anyway?The Hindu Young World, 26th October
Jeganathan, P. (2010). Whose land is it anyway? The Hindu Young World, 26thOctober. http://www.hindu.com/yw/2010/10/26/stories/2010102653000200.htm
- Popular Article2010Saving SahyadriFrontline 27(24):64-72Download
PDF, 858 KB
Tigers are on the retreat from the Sahyadris and the predator’s preferred prey, the sambar, is on the decline.
- Popular Article2010Cry in the WildernessFrontline 26(26): 64-74
Many conservation issues need to be addressed to ensure the future of the wildlife in the Cauvery forests.