- Popular Article2012The land of the fungusThe Hindu in School, 15 August
- Journal Article2012Optimizing individual identification and survey effort for photographic capture–recapture sampling of species with temporally variable morphological traitsAnimal Conservation 15(2): 174-183
Endangered, wide-ranging megafauna have many threats to contend with during their struggle for survival in an ever-increasing human dominance of the environment. Reliable monitoring of endangered large mammal populations is therefore a critical conservation requirement. Photographic capture–recapture (CR) techniques have opened up avenues for population monitoring of individually recognizable large mammal species. The efficient application of these techniques, however, can be constrained by challenges in reliably identifying individuals arising from the use of multiple, and potentially variable traits, as well as issues of temporal sampling of populations in the field. We address these key problems by describing an automated process of rapidly identifying individual Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) from photographs, and comparing resultant CR-based population parameter estimates with those obtained using supervised visual identification of individuals. In addition, we assess the temporal effort necessary for robust estimation of demographic parameters in our study population. Morphological traits that maintain constancy over time, including variations in tusk characteristics, and ear fold and lobe shape, proved the most reliable for individual identification and subsequent estimation of population parameters. The use of temporally variable traits contributed to high probabilities of misidentification and biased estimates of population size. We found a minimum of seven sampling occasions necessary for reliable population estimation. Our study contributes to design issues for CR studies by providing insights into optimality of sampling effort such that precision of parameter estimates are not compromised while minimizing survey costs. We demonstrate the importance of accurate individual identification in the context of such studies and recommend the use of fixed morphological traits as the optimal individual identification strategy for species where animals are distinguished on the basis of multiple attributes, including some that may be variable over time.
- Popular Article2012A thousand leopards in the SeaThe Hindu in School, 29 September
- Popular Article2012Dugongs, mermaids of the seaThe Hindu in School, 26 September
- Popular Article2012The talking treeThe Hindu in School, 5 December
- Popular Article2012Kosi: a river that can’t be pinned downThe Hindu in School, 29 August
- Poster2012Poster for public information campaigns to dissuade people from "rescuing" leopard cubsOctober 2012Download
JPG, 207 KB
This poster was part of public information campaigns undertaken in order to highlight the impacts of picking up leopard cubs from forests, sugarcane fields and other areas.
- Journal Article2012Standardizing the double-observer survey method for estimating mountain ungulate prey of the endangered snow leopardOecologia DOI: 10.1007/s00442-011-2237-0
- Popular Article2012Flight of the GooseThe Hindu in School, 7 November
- Popular Article2012The curious case of the wormThe Hindu in School, 19 December
- Journal Article2012Streamside amphibian communities in plantations and a rainforest fragment in the Anamalai hills, IndiaJournal of Threatened Taxa 4: 2849–2856.Download
PDF, 3.44 MB
Stream amphibian communities, occupying a sensitive environment, are often useful indicators of effects of adjoining land uses. We compared abundance and community composition of anuran amphibians along streams in tea monoculture, shade coffee plantation, and a rainforest fragment in Old Valparai area of the Anamalai hills. Overall species density and rarefaction species richness was the highest in rainforest fragment and did not vary between the coffee and tea land uses. Densities of certain taxa, and consequently community composition, varied significantly among the land uses, being greater between rainforest fragment and tea monoculture with shade coffee being intermediate. Observed changes are probably related to streamside alteration due to land use, suggesting the need to retain shade tree cover and remnant riparian rainforest vegetation as buffers along streams.
- Popular Article2012ஒரு மழைக்காட்டு விதையின் பயணம். (The Journey of a Rainforest seed)தினமணி நாளிதழ் – கொண்டாட்டம் இணைப்பில். 11 மார்ச் 2012. Dinamani- Tamil Newspaper. 11th March 2012.
ஒரு மழைக்காட்டு விதையின் பயணம். தினமணி நாளிதழ் – கொண்டாட்டம் இணைப்பில். 11 மார்ச் 2012. [Jeganathan, P. (2012).Oru Mazaikkatu vithaiyin payanam.Dinamani- Tamil Newspaper. Date: 11thMarch (The Journey of a Rainforest seed)]
- Popular Article2012A tree hole for a homeThe Hindu in School, 4 November
- Popular Article2012The pigeon’s passengers.The Hindu Magazine, Sunday 6 May 2012, page 4.
Available here: http://www.thehindu.com/arts/magazine/article3387586.ece
Also here: http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-in-school/the-pigeons-passengers/article3398790.ece
- Popular Article2011Trumpeting their causeThe Hindu Young World. 19th July.
Jeganathan, P. (2011). Trumpeting their cause. The Hindu Young World. 19th July. http://www.thehindu.com/life-and-style/kids/article2237914.ece
- Popular Article2011Bridging the canopy gapsBlog post at Reviving Rainforest
- Popular Article2011Roads, revetments and restorationBlog post at Reviving Rainforest
- Popular Article2011Over one hundred years of solitudeZoo’s Print 26 : 5-8
- Poster2011Important Plants of the Nilgiri Rangessupported by Whitley Fund For NatureDownload
PDF, 18.4 MB
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, Wild Balsams,Impatiens, Nilgiri Wood Orchid, Calanthe Triplicata, Anaphalis Neelgheryana, Eulalia Phaeothrix, Disporum Leschenaulitanum, Cyathea milgiriensis, Hedyotis Verticillaris, Impatiens Levingei, Impatiens Scapiflora, Impatiens Acaulis, Nothapodytes Nimmoniana
- Popular Article2011One Earth,One Chance: Conserving a Connected WorldThe Hindu Magazine 5 June 2011, page 1 and 4.
World Environment Day on Sunday is an occasion to assess where we stand in making this planet a more liveable place for us and future generations. Wildlife scientists and conservation experts on the choices we can make today before it becomes too late... A consumer picking a product off a shelf has an immediate impact on distant species and natural ecosystems. And that link brings with it both an environmental peril and opportunity.