- Popular Article2012No mermaid fairytaleDown to Earth, August issue
- Popular Article2012முந்தோன்றி மூத்தவரே. (On South Indian Primates)புதிய தலைமுறை. 16ஆகஸ்டு 2012. Puthiya Thalaimurai. 16th August 2012.
- Popular Article2012சின்னஞ்சிறுகுருவே…(On Ants)புதிய தலைமுறை. 26ஜூலை 2012. Puthiya Thalaimurai. 26th July 2012.
- Popular Article2012Expedition North AndamanThe Hindu in School, 12 September
- Popular Article2012தட்டான் பார்க்கலாம் வாங்க (Lets watch Odonates)துளிர். ஜனவரி 2012. பக்கம் 16-18 / Thulir. Science monthly magazine for Kids. January Pp 7-10
தட்டான்பார்க்கலாம்வாங்க.துளிர். ஜனவரி 2012. பக்கம் 16-18. [Jeganathan, P. (2012).Thattan Pakkalam Vanga.Thulir. Science monthly magazine for Kids. January Pp 7-10(Lets watch Odonates)]
- Popular Article2012A thousand leopards in the SeaThe Hindu in School, 29 September
- Journal Article2012Patterns of species participation across multiple mixed-species flock types in a tropical forest in northeastern India.Journal of Natural History. 46(43-44):2749–2762.Download
PDF, 216 KB
We studied mixed-species bird flocks in northeastern India to (a) develop a framework for quantifying species participation in mixed-species flocks, (b) characterize the ecology and behaviour of participant species, and (c) explore mechanisms influencing the coexistence of different mixed-species flock types. To characterize participation in mixed-species flocks, we implement a new method incorporating species abundances, minimizing potential biases in measuring participation arising from differences in the availability of flocking species. There are at least three distinct flock types in the lowland forests of northeastern India; these flock types differ in the body mass and vertical stratum use of participant species. The “core” of mixed-species flocks was composed of a species group that differed much more in their foraging method in comparison with “attendant” species. The exchange of benefits and minimization of interspecific competition might lead to, and maintain, heterogeneity in foraging methods among core species of mixed-species flocks.
- Report2012Protecting a hornbill haven: a community-run conservation initiative around Pakke Tiger ReserveHNAP Report for 2012Download
PDF, 2.11 MB
2012 Report for Hornbill Nest Adoption Program
- Popular Article2012The fading of an invisible mapThe Hindu, February 11th, Magazine Section
- Journal Article2012Impact of vehicular traffic on large mammal use of highway-edges in southern IndiaCurrent Science 102(7): 1047-1051Download
PDF, 166 KB
India’s phenomenal economic growth over the last decade has been accompanied by a much-needed expansion and improvement in transport and other infrastructure networks. While there are legally mandated assessments of the potential ecological impacts of such infrastructure projects prior to implementation, rarely are there post-implementation assessments of their real ecological impacts. In this communication, we present results of a preliminary study examining the impact of vehicular traffic on the usage of road edges by large mammals along a highway passing through Nagarahole Tiger Reserve, southern India. We estimated large mammal encounter rates at remotely triggered camera traps on two consecutive sections of the same highway – one closed to vehicular traffic and the other open to vehicles only during daytime. We observed lower encounter rates of chital, gaur and elephants at camera traps in the highway segment with higher vehicular traffic density, suggesting that these species avoided busy highways. Based on our findings, we emphasize the importance of continued ecological impact assessments of development projects to identify and mitigate unforeseen impacts. Further, an approach to development planning that integrates conservation concerns, especially where development projects coincide with ecologically critical areas, is urgently needed in India.
- Popular Article2012தேசாந்திரியின்தோற்றப்பிழை. (On the impact of polarized light on Wandering Gliders)புதிய தலைமுறை. 23 ஆகஸ்டு 2012. Puthiya Thalaimurai. 23rd August 2012.
- Journal Article2012Methodological, temporal and spatial factors affecting modelled occupancy of resident birds in the perennially cultivated landscape of Uttar Pradesh, IndiaLandscape Ecology 27: 59-71. doi:10.1007/s10980-011-9666-3.
Biodiversity persistence in non-woody tropical farmlands is poorly explored, and multispecies assessments with robust landscape-scale designs are sparse. Modeled species occupancy in agricultural mosaics is affected by multiple factors including survey methods (convenience-based versus systematic), landscape-scale agriculture-related variables, and extent of remnant habitat. Changes in seasonal crops can additionally alter landscape and habitat conditions thereby influencing species occupancy. We investigated how these factors affect modeled occupancy of 56 resident bird species using a landscape-scale multi-season occupancy framework across 24 intensively cultivated and human-dominated districts in Uttar Pradesh state, north India. Convenience-based roadside observations provided considerable differences in occupancy estimates and associations with remnant habitat and intensity of cultivation relative to systematic transect counts, and appeared to bias results to roadside conditions. Modeled occupancy of only open-area species improved with increasing intensity of cultivation, while remnant habitat improved modeled occupancy of scrubland, wetland and woodland species. Strong seasonal differences in occupancy were apparent for most species across all habitat guilds. Further habitat loss will be most detrimental to resident scrubland, wetland and woodland species. Uttar Pradesh’s agricultural landscape has a high conservation value, but will require a landscape-level approach to maintain the observed high species richness. Obtaining ecological information from unexplored landscapes using robust landscape-scale surveys offers substantial advantages to understand factors affecting species occupancy, and is necessary for efficient conservation planning.
- Popular Article2012Twinkle, twinkle, little batThe Hindu in School 2 May
- Popular Article2012ஒரு மழைக்காட்டு விதையின் பயணம். (The Journey of a Rainforest seed)தினமணி நாளிதழ் – கொண்டாட்டம் இணைப்பில். 11 மார்ச் 2012. Dinamani- Tamil Newspaper. 11th March 2012.
ஒரு மழைக்காட்டு விதையின் பயணம். தினமணி நாளிதழ் – கொண்டாட்டம் இணைப்பில். 11 மார்ச் 2012. [Jeganathan, P. (2012).Oru Mazaikkatu vithaiyin payanam.Dinamani- Tamil Newspaper. Date: 11thMarch (The Journey of a Rainforest seed)]
- Popular Article2012சிட்டுக்குருவிகள் உண்மையிலேயே அழிந்து வருகின்றனவா? (Are House Sparrows really declining? and on citizensparrow results)தினமணி நாளிதழ் – கொண்டாட்டம் இணைப்பில். 22 ஏப்ரல் 2012. Dinamani – Tamil Newspaper. 22nd April 2012.
சிட்டுக் குருவிகள் உண்மையிலேயே அழிந்து வருகின்றனவா? தினமணி நாளிதழ் – கொண்டாட்டம் இணைப்பில். 22 ஏப்ரல் 2012.[Jeganathan, P. (2012). Sittukuruvigal unmayileye azinthu varukindranava? Dinamani – Tamil Newspaper. Date 22nd April 2012 (Are House Sparrows really declining? and on citizensparrow results)]
- Journal Article2012Optimizing individual identification and survey effort for photographic capture–recapture sampling of species with temporally variable morphological traitsAnimal Conservation 15(2): 174-183
Endangered, wide-ranging megafauna have many threats to contend with during their struggle for survival in an ever-increasing human dominance of the environment. Reliable monitoring of endangered large mammal populations is therefore a critical conservation requirement. Photographic capture–recapture (CR) techniques have opened up avenues for population monitoring of individually recognizable large mammal species. The efficient application of these techniques, however, can be constrained by challenges in reliably identifying individuals arising from the use of multiple, and potentially variable traits, as well as issues of temporal sampling of populations in the field. We address these key problems by describing an automated process of rapidly identifying individual Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) from photographs, and comparing resultant CR-based population parameter estimates with those obtained using supervised visual identification of individuals. In addition, we assess the temporal effort necessary for robust estimation of demographic parameters in our study population. Morphological traits that maintain constancy over time, including variations in tusk characteristics, and ear fold and lobe shape, proved the most reliable for individual identification and subsequent estimation of population parameters. The use of temporally variable traits contributed to high probabilities of misidentification and biased estimates of population size. We found a minimum of seven sampling occasions necessary for reliable population estimation. Our study contributes to design issues for CR studies by providing insights into optimality of sampling effort such that precision of parameter estimates are not compromised while minimizing survey costs. We demonstrate the importance of accurate individual identification in the context of such studies and recommend the use of fixed morphological traits as the optimal individual identification strategy for species where animals are distinguished on the basis of multiple attributes, including some that may be variable over time.
- Popular Article2012The sheep that isn'tThe Hindu in School, 20 June
- Thesis2012Primate on the edge: Ecology and Conservation of Primate Assemblages in the Fragmented Lowland Rainforests of the Upper Brahmaputra Valley, Northeastern IndiaPhD Thesis submitted to Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka
- Popular Article2012Bird Migrations: Adaptations and threatsThe Hindu in School, 31 October
- Popular Article2012Not just a boatmanThe Hindu in School, 5 September