- Popular Article2013The circle of lifeThe Hindu in School, 17 April
- Popular Article2013My books and their animalsThe Hindi in School, 23 January
- Popular Article2013The great crane projectThe Hindu in School, 20 February
- Popular Article2013Bringing back a commonerThe Hindu in School, 27 February
- Popular Article2013Running into the rare brown mongooseThe Hindu in School, 27 March
- Popular Article2013Three different voicesThe Hindu in School, 17 July
- Popular Article2013All in a nameThe Hindu in School, 16 October
- Popular Article2013THE resurrectionThe Hindu in School, 23 October
- Poster2013Poster designed to carry out awareness programs regarding human-leopard conflictMarch 2013Download
JPG, 1.17 MB
Leopard outreach activities are carried out based on the locations identified through conflict monitoring activity. This poster specifically designed to address conflict issues is distributed to communities to minimize anxiety and help in conflict reduction.
- Popular Article2012தட்டான் பார்க்கலாம் வாங்க (Lets watch Odonates)துளிர். ஜனவரி 2012. பக்கம் 16-18 / Thulir. Science monthly magazine for Kids. January Pp 7-10
தட்டான்பார்க்கலாம்வாங்க.துளிர். ஜனவரி 2012. பக்கம் 16-18. [Jeganathan, P. (2012).Thattan Pakkalam Vanga.Thulir. Science monthly magazine for Kids. January Pp 7-10(Lets watch Odonates)]
- Journal Article2012Optimizing individual identification and survey effort for photographic capture–recapture sampling of species with temporally variable morphological traitsAnimal Conservation 15(2): 174-183
Endangered, wide-ranging megafauna have many threats to contend with during their struggle for survival in an ever-increasing human dominance of the environment. Reliable monitoring of endangered large mammal populations is therefore a critical conservation requirement. Photographic capture–recapture (CR) techniques have opened up avenues for population monitoring of individually recognizable large mammal species. The efficient application of these techniques, however, can be constrained by challenges in reliably identifying individuals arising from the use of multiple, and potentially variable traits, as well as issues of temporal sampling of populations in the field. We address these key problems by describing an automated process of rapidly identifying individual Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) from photographs, and comparing resultant CR-based population parameter estimates with those obtained using supervised visual identification of individuals. In addition, we assess the temporal effort necessary for robust estimation of demographic parameters in our study population. Morphological traits that maintain constancy over time, including variations in tusk characteristics, and ear fold and lobe shape, proved the most reliable for individual identification and subsequent estimation of population parameters. The use of temporally variable traits contributed to high probabilities of misidentification and biased estimates of population size. We found a minimum of seven sampling occasions necessary for reliable population estimation. Our study contributes to design issues for CR studies by providing insights into optimality of sampling effort such that precision of parameter estimates are not compromised while minimizing survey costs. We demonstrate the importance of accurate individual identification in the context of such studies and recommend the use of fixed morphological traits as the optimal individual identification strategy for species where animals are distinguished on the basis of multiple attributes, including some that may be variable over time.
- Journal Article2012Streamside amphibian communities in plantations and a rainforest fragment in the Anamalai hills, IndiaJournal of Threatened Taxa 4: 2849–2856.Download
PDF, 3.44 MB
Stream amphibian communities, occupying a sensitive environment, are often useful indicators of effects of adjoining land uses. We compared abundance and community composition of anuran amphibians along streams in tea monoculture, shade coffee plantation, and a rainforest fragment in Old Valparai area of the Anamalai hills. Overall species density and rarefaction species richness was the highest in rainforest fragment and did not vary between the coffee and tea land uses. Densities of certain taxa, and consequently community composition, varied significantly among the land uses, being greater between rainforest fragment and tea monoculture with shade coffee being intermediate. Observed changes are probably related to streamside alteration due to land use, suggesting the need to retain shade tree cover and remnant riparian rainforest vegetation as buffers along streams.
- Popular Article2012காக்கா…காக்க...(On Crows)புதிய தலைமுறை. 12ஜூலை 2012 Puthiya Thalaimurai. 12th July 2012
- Popular Article2012Hornbills: farmers of our forestsThe Hindu in School, 4 April
- Popular Article2012இடைவெளியும் இடையூறும் (Canopy gaps and obstacles: Canopy gaps above the forest roads and their impact on arboreal mammals of Western Ghats)Dinamani Tamil Newspaper. 29 January 2012.
இடைவெளியும் இடையூறும். தினமணி நாளிதழ் – கொண்டாட்டம் இணைப்பில். 29 ஜனவரி 2012. 3ம் பக்கம். [Jeganathan, P. (2012). Idaiveliyum Idayoorum. Dinamani- Tamil Newspaper. Date: 29th January (Canopy gaps and obstacles: Canopy gaps above the forest roads and their impact on arboreal mammals of Western Ghats) ]
Link for this article here.
- Journal Article2012Conservation of the Asian small-clawed otter (Aonyx cinereus) in human-modified landscapes, Western Ghats, IndiaTropical Conservation Science 5: 67-78.Download
PDF, 948 KB
Conservation in human-modified landscapes is important for riparian animals as their habitats extend linearly beyond adjoining protected areas. We examined occupancy and intensity of habitat use of Asian small-clawed otters in coffee and tea plantations and an adjoining protected area in the Western Ghats. We sampled 66 stream segments of 500 m length, using spraints as an indicator of habitat use. Several variables characterising the stream and shoreline were also measured. Occupancy, corrected for detection of spraints, was >0.75 in all three land use types, indicating widespread use of the riparian ecosystem in human-modified landscapes. Intensity of habitat use, however, was much lower in tea (2.08 spraints/500 m) and coffee (2.42) plantations than in the protected area (3.86). Using GLMs we identified the abundance of potential refuges (such as boulders and fallen trees), which was greater in the protected area, as the major factor influencing intensity of habitat use. Shoreline diversity, which was lowest in the tea plantation, might also be another factor. The retention of much of the riparian vegetation and the presence of forest fragments which provide refuges have led to wide occupancy of the tea and coffee plantations although with less intensive use. Sand mining, fishing and infrequent poaching might be other reasons for the relatively low use of human-modified landscape. This study highlights the need to retain remnant forests and riparian vegetation, and to control some human activities for integrated management of species like the small-clawed otter in both protected areas and adjoining human-modified habitats.
- Popular Article2012என் பக்கத்து வீட்டு பழுப்புக் கீச்சான் (My friendly neighborhood Brown Shrike)தினமணி நாளிதழ் – கொண்டாட்டம் இணைப்பில். 26 பிப்ரவரி 2012. Dinamani- Tamil Newspaper. Date: 26thFebruary.
என்பக்கத்துவீட்டுபழுப்புக்கீச்சான்.தினமணிநாளிதழ் – கொண்டாட்டம்இணைப்பில். 26 பிப்ரவரி 2012. [Jeganathan, P. (2012)En pakkathu veetu pazuppu keechan.Dinamani- Tamil Newspaper. Date: 26thFebruary. (My friendly neighborhood Brown Shrike)]
- Popular Article2012காட்டு நீரோடையின் மெல்லிசை மன்னன். (On Malabar Whistling Thrush)புதிய தலைமுறை. 2ஆகஸ்டு 2012 Puthiya Thalaimurai. 2nd August 2012
- Popular Article2012புலியா?பறவையா?எதுஉசத்தி? (An article on another article written by Madhusudan Katti on Warbler vs Tigers)புதிய தலைமுறை. 9ஆகஸ்டு 2012. Puthiya Thalaimurai. 9th August 2012.
புலியா? பறவையா? எதுஉசத்தி?. காக்கைக்குருவிஎங்கள்ஜாதிதொடர்-5. புதியதலைமுறை. 9ஆகஸ்டு 2012. [Jeganathan, P. (2012).Puliya? Paravaiya? Ethu Usathi?. Kakkai Kuruvi Engal Jathi-Series, Article No.5 Puthiya Thalaimurai. 9th August 2012. (An article on another article written by Madhusudan Katti on Warbler vs Tigers)]
- Journal Article2012To eat and not be eaten: modelling resources and safety in multi-species animal groups.PLoS ONE. 7(7): e42071.Download
PDF, 291 KB
Using mixed-species bird flocks as an example, we model the payoffs for two types of species from participating in multi-species animal groups. Salliers feed on mobile prey, are good sentinels and do not affect prey capture rates of gleaners; gleaners feed on prey on substrates and can enhance the prey capture rate of salliers by flushing prey, but are poor sentinels. These functional types are known from various animal taxa that form multi-species associations. We model costs and benefits of joining groups for a wide range of group compositions under varying abundances of two types of prey–prey on substrates and mobile prey. Our model predicts that gleaners and salliers show a conflict of interest in multi-species groups, because gleaners benefit from increasing numbers of salliers in the group, whereas salliers benefit from increasing gleaner numbers. The model also predicts that the limits to size and variability in composition of multi-species groups are driven by the relative abundance of different types of prey, independent of predation pressure. Our model emphasises resources as a primary driver of temporal and spatial group dynamics, rather than reproductive activity or predation per se, which have hitherto been thought to explain patterns of multi-species group formation and cohesion. The qualitative predictions of the model are supported by empirical patterns from both terrestrial and marine multi-species groups, suggesting that similar mechanisms might underlie group dynamics in a range of taxa. The model also makes novel predictions about group dynamics that can be tested using variation across space and time.