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Prey Animals, Gaur, Sambar, Cubs, Tiger, Poaching, Herbivore Prey
- Poster2014Tracking Tigers and LeopardsDownload
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Tigers, Leopards, Pugmarks, Soil, Moisture, Claw Marks, Scats, Scrapes, Remains of Prey, Scent-marking
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Leopards, Adaptable, Towns, Villages, Fields, Farmland, Deer, Monkeys, Stray Dogs, Livestock
- Poster2014Fungi of the Western Ghatssupported by Critical Ecosystem Partnership FundDownload
PDF, 177 MB
Cyathus, Amanita, Coprinus, Schizophyllum, Cordyceps, Omphalotus
- Poster2014Insects of the Western Ghats - Cricketssupported by Critical Ecosystem Partnership FundDownload
PDF, 25.7 MB
The Kudremukh Weta, Gryllacropsis, Crickets, Katydids, Tree Cricket, False Leaf Katydids, Onomarchus
- Poster2014Small Carnivores of Namdaphasupported by Disney Wildlife Conservation Fund Wildlife Conservation Society The Ford FoundationDownload
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Namdapha Tiger Reserve, Binturong, Spotted Lisang, Yellow-throated Marten, The Hog Badger, Crab-eating Mongoose, Small Indian Mongoose, Stripe-backed Weasel, Ferret Badgers, Palm Civet, Small Indian Civet, Otter
- Poster2014Co-existing with Elephantssupported by Eco-QuestDownload
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Elephants, Villages, Highways, Fences, Unnatural, Cropfields, Plantations, Crop Raiding, Electrocuting, Poisoning
- Poster2014Co-existing with Carnivoressupported by Eco-questDownload
JPG, 402 KB
Wild Prey, Carnivores, Deer, Livestock, Goats, Cows, Poisoned, Stoned, Beaten, Stressful
- Poster2014Some Threats to Elephant and GaurDownload
JPG, 517 KB
Roads, Highways, Roadkills, Inaccessible, Fragmented Habitats, Swathes of Forest, Tourism, Safari Vehicles
- Poster2014Insects of the Western Ghats - Odonatessupported by Wildlife Ecosystem Partnership FundDownload
PDF, 279 MB
Odonata, Gnats, Midges, Nilgiri Bambootail, Travencore Torrent Dart, Stream Glory
- Popular Article2014How green is your tea?Blink: The Hindu Business Line, 27 September 2014, pages 10-11.Download
PDF, 1.41 MB
- Journal Article2014The response of birds and mixed-species bird flocks to human-modified landscapes in Sri Lanka and southern IndiaForest Ecology and Management 329: 384–392Download
PDF, 705 KB
While there is no substitute for undisturbed forest, secondary forests and agroforests are increasingly common in tropical areas and may be critical to conservation plans. We compared the diversity and abundance of birds and the characteristics of mixed-species bird flocks in forests inside protected reserves to ‘‘buffer’’ areas, consisting of degraded forests and non-native timber plantations at reserve boundaries, and to agricultural areas. We monitored a network of 57 transects placed over an altitudinal gradient (90–2180 masl) in Sri Lanka and southern India, collecting 398 complete flock observations and 35,686 observations of birds inside and outside of flocks over two years. Flocks were rarely found in agri- cultural areas. However, the density of flocks in buffer areas was similar to that in forests, although buffer flocks were smaller in average flock size and differed significantly in composition, as measured by the proportion of species that were classified, from the literature, as forest interior or open-landscape species. While flock composition was distinct between agricultural, buffer and forest areas, the differences in the composition of flocks was not as great as the differences between the overall communities in these different habitats. Considering buffer transects alone, pine plantations retained fewer forest interior species in flocks than did forests, and small areas of agriculture and abandoned agriculture attracted open-landscape species. Though clearly not equivalent to protected forests, degraded forests and agroforests in buffer areas still hold some conservation value, with forest species found particularly in mixed-species flocks in these human-modified habitats.
- Popular Article2014Mizoram: bamboozled by land use policyThe Hindu, Op-ed Comment page, 14 May 2014, page 9.
Forest cover loss has occurred at a period when area under jhum cultivation is declining, suggesting that the land use policy has been counterproductive to forests.
- Popular Article2014Integrating ecology and economyThe Hindu, Op-ed Comment Page, 3 July 2014, page 9.
For almost every destructive project, there are often alternatives that cause less harm to environment and local communities, and can provide overall long-term benefits.
Available here: http://www.thehindu.cojamam/opinion/op-ed/integrating-ecology-and-econoajmy/article6170535.ece
- Popular Article2014A travel guide to MarsThe Hindu in School, 22 SeptemberDownload
PDF, 1.06 MB
- Journal Article2014Spatio-temporal variation in forest cover and biomass across sacred groves in a human-modified landscape of India's Western GhatsBiological Conservation 178: 193-199.
Although the potential for community-conserved areas (CCAs) to extend conservation beyond formal protected areas is widely acknowledged, the scarcity of conservation assessments and monitoring hinders the rigorous evaluation of their effectiveness in many regions. In India, which hosts a high density and diversity of CCAs, the need for more assessments of the ecological and socio- economic properties of these systems to guide conservation planning and policy has been emphasized in recent years. We inventoried the extant sacred grove network against official records of 407 groves across 70 villages in the Kodagu District of India's Western Ghats, and interviewed local communities about their management and conservation. We also evaluated recent trends in aboveground biomass of sacred groves using time-series satellite data from six time-points during the 2000-2010 period, and made comparisons to corresponding trends in nearby State-managed protected forests. Although most of the larger (> 2ha) groves officially listed were forested at present, over two-thirds of the smaller groves listed were either not forested or could not be located. Local communities attributed these declines to encroachment and illicit logging. Time-series satellite data revealed aboveground biomass declines of ~0.5% annually across the sacred grove network over the 2000-2010 period. In contrast, biomass increased during this period at the interiors and edges of State-managed forests in the landscape. Our results highlight that the conservation status of even well-protected CCAs can vary considerably over time, especially given the dynamism in socio-economic, cultural and ecological factors that govern their status. We argue that understanding and addressing this dynamism is crucial to the conservation of CCAs.
- Popular Article2014Island worlds in the vastness of the UniverseThe Hindu in School, 6 OctoberDownload
PDF, 979 KB
- Popular Article2014The call of the indriFountain Ink, August 2014, 3(10): 37-51.
In Madagascar, island of endangered lemurs and shrinking forests, there is space for rapture and revival, too.
By T R Shankar Raman, Photos by Divya Mudappa and the author.
Available here: http://fountainink.in/?p=5687&all=1
- Popular Article2014Perils of oil palmNewslink (Aizawl), 20 August 2014, page 2.
- Journal Article2014Acoustic identification of bats in the southern Western Ghats, IndiaActa Chiropterologica 16: 213–222Download
PDF, 347 KB
Bats play crucial roles in ecosystems, are increasingly used as bio-indicators and are an important component of tropical diversity. Ecological studies and conservation-oriented monitoring of bats in the tropics benefit from published libraries of echolocation calls, which are not readily available for many tropical ecosystems. Here, we present the echolocation calls of 15 species from the Valparai plateau in the Anamalai Hills, southern Western Ghats of India: three rhinolophids (Rhinolophus beddomei, R. rouxii (indorouxii), R. lepidus), one hipposiderid (Hipposideros pomona), nine vespertilionids (Barbastella leucomelas darjelingensis, Hesperoptenus tickelli, Miniopterus fuliginosus, M. pusillus, Myotis horsfieldii, M. montivagus, Pipistrellus ceylonicus, Scotophilus heathii, S. kuhlii), one pteropodid (Rousettus leschenaultii) and one megadermatid (Megaderma spasma). Discriminant function analyses using leave-one-out cross validation classified bats producing calls with a strong constant frequency (CF) component with 100% success and bats producing frequency modulated (FM) calls with 90% success. For five species, we report their echolocation calls for the first time, and we present call frequencies for some species that differ from those published from other parts of the species’ ranges. This exemplifies the need for more local call libraries from tropical regions to be collected and published in order to record endemic species and accurately identify species whose calls vary biogeographically.
PDF also available here: http://dx.doi.org/10.3161/150811014X683408