- Report2014Hornbill Nest Adoption Programme- 2014 breeding season
- Report2014NCF Annual Report 2013 & 2014
- Report2014Ecology and conservation status of leopards in Bhadravathi Territorial DivisionOctober 2014Download
PDF, 15.6 MB
Despite the leopard (Panthera pardus) being a highly conflict-prone species with a wide distribution range, there are few population estimates of this species in Karnataka, especially outside protected areas. Effective conservation of this large carnivore and mitigation measures towards leopard conflict requires reliable estimates of population density in various habitats and landscapes with different management priorities. We conducted a population estimation exercise for the leopard using photographic capture-recapture analysis, using spatially explicit capture–recapture (SECR) models, in the multiple-use forests in Bhadravathi Division in central-interior Karnataka. Density estimates for leopards in this 370 km2 area, which includes 14 state, minor forests and sandal reserves, all continuous to each other, was found to be 11.1/100 km2 (95% CI 9.7-12.2/100 km2) with an estimated population size of 44 individuals (95% CI 39-49). We also recorded 14 species of large and small leopard prey from this area including gaur, sambar, chital, barking deer, four-horned antelope, wild pig and mouse deer. Using publicly available forest cover analyses tools, we estimate that the area has lost forest cover of ~14% since their notification between 1905 and 1941. We propose that the forest areas surveyed be declared as a wildlife sanctuary under the Wildlife Protection Act 1972 to uphold to their rich wildlife values.
- Report2013Hornbills, rats, seeds and rainforest trees: plant-animal interactions and plant demographyFinal Report submitted to National Geographic Society, June 2013
- Report2013MigrantWatch 2007-2012Unpublished report, Citizen Science Programme, National Centre for Biological Sciences.
- Report2013Hornbill Nest Adoption Program - 2013 Breeding seasonHNAP Report for 2013Download
PDF, 1.78 MB
2013 Report for Hornbill Nest Adoption Program
- Report2012Protecting a hornbill haven: a community-run conservation initiative around Pakke Tiger ReserveHNAP Report for 2012Download
PDF, 2.11 MB
2012 Report for Hornbill Nest Adoption Program
- Report2012NCF Annual Report 2012
- Report2011Framing ecologically sound policy on linear intrusions affecting wildlife habitats: Background paper for the National Board for Wildlife, Ministry of Environment and Forest, India.
PDF available at iMinistry of Environment and Forest, India, website. Click here to download.
- Report2011Conserving a hornbill havenHNAP Report for 2011Download
PDF, 1.83 MB
2011 Report for the Hornbill Nest Adoption Program
- Report2011People and predators: Leopard diet and interactions with people in a tea plantation dominated landscape in the Anamalai Hills, Western Ghats.NCF Technical Report #18, Nature Conservation Foundation, Mysore.Download
PDF, 3.77 MB
Leopards use a wide range of habitats from natural forests to human-dominated landscapes and conflicts sometimes arise from loss of livestock or attacks on people in interface areas. In a fragmented rainforest and plantation landscape in southern India, we examined diet of large carnivores (particularly leopards) using scat analysis with DNA-based identification of predator species, and relative abundance of prey species in different land-uses using transect surveys. Spatio-temporal patterns in conflict and attitudes of local people were analysed from conflict records with the Forest Department and questionnaire surveys in 28 plantation colonies and eight tribal settlements. Large carnivores predominantly (98.1%) consumed wild prey species and domestic prey species contributed <2% to overall prey biomass. Similarly, for leopards four wild prey species (Indian muntjac, Indian spotted chevrotain, sambar, and Indian porcupine) contributed 95.1% of prey biomass, with the rest being minor wild prey species (no livestock in identified scats). In the landscape, wild prey species persisted but varied in relative abundance by land-use type, with forest fragments supporting higher abundances of most species. ... In a 3-year period (2008 – 2010), 32 head of livestock (cow, buffalo, and goat) were reported by respondents as lost to carnivore depredation (economic loss averaging INR 9732 or ~USD 216 per incident). Over the same period, there were eight attacks on people, resulting in three fatalities (all children). Attitudes towards leopards were not affected by incidence of livestock depredation, but related instead to occurrence of attacks on people in the colony. Livestock depredation at a colony was significantly and positively related to livestock numbers, and interactively with distance from protected area (positive) and number of people (negative). To minimise conflicts, we suggest adoption of a combination of measures including better herding, improved livestock corrals, safety precautions for adults and children at night in estates, and proper waste management, besides protection of habitat remnants that sustain wild prey populations. These will help safeguard human life and reduce economic losses, thereby mitigating conflict and promoting human – leopard coexistence in such landscapes.
- Report2011Linking rural energy and nature conservation in a tribal village in Arunachal PradeshFinal Report submitted to DST, New Delhi, May 2011, 22 pp.
- Report2011Wildlife in the Havukal – Warwick estates, Nilgiris: a field survey and inventory report.Nature Conservation Foundation, Mysore.
Jeganathan, P. & Murali, R. (2011). Wildlife in the Havukal – Warwick estates, Nilgiris: a field survey and inventory report. Nature Conservation Foundation, Mysore.
- Report2011Long-term hornbill nest and roost monitoring in Pakke Wildlife Sanctuary and Tiger Reserve (2003-2010).Unpublished Report. Submitted to Arunachal Pradesh Forest Department, Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh, November 2011.
- Report2010A Species Recovery Plan for Jerdon's Courser Rhinoptilus bitorquatusAndhra Pradesh Forest DepartmentDownload
PDF, 905 KB
Anon. (2010) A Species Recovery Plan for Jerdon’s Courser Rhinoptilus bitorquatus, Andhra Pradesh Forest Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad.
- Report2008Hornbills and endemic birds: a conservation status survey across the Western Ghats, India.NCF Technical Report No. 17, Nature Conservation Foundation, Mysore.
- Report2008Tribes of the Anamalais: livelihood and resource-use patterns of communities in the rainforests of the Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and Valparai plateau.NCF Technical Report No. 16, Nature Conservation Foundation, Mysore.Download
PDF, 1.5 MB
The Western Ghats hill range of India, recognised as a global biodiversity hotspot, also contains impressive cultural diversity including a number of tribal communities. This study uses past records and primary field research to describe aspects of ethnic identity, social change, demography, livelihoods, and resource use among three tribal communities in the Anamalai hills along the Western Ghats mountains of southern India. Kadar, Muthuvar, and Malai Malasar communities across 190 households in 8 settlements located adjacent to rainforests in the Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary were studied to examine current modes of existence vis-à-vis their past and the use of rainforest patches they live within. (Download PDF to read more)
- Report2008Strategies for reducing bycatch of susceptible speciesPolicy Brief. UNDP/UNTRS and NCF. Chennai
- Report2007Review of human – elephant conflict mitigation measures practised in South AsiaWWF AREAS Technical Support Document 2007. World Bank – WWF Alliance for Forest Conservation and Sustainable Use, AREAS, Centre for Conservation and Research, Nature Conservation Foundation.
- Report2006India’s Tentative List of Natural Heritage Properties to be inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.Submitted to World Heritage Centre, UNESCO, Paris.Download
PDF, 1.87 MB
The Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India embarked on the process of preparation of its tentative list of natural heritage properties on the world heritage list in 2002 and has identified 7 sub-clusters containing 39 site elements for serial nomination from the Western Ghats in the states of Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. In addition to this, 3 single sites in the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Gujarat have also been identified for inclusion in the tentative list. The tentative list has been prepared through a participative process with active partnership between government, scientific institution (Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun) and civil society organizations (Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and Environment, Bangalore and Nature Conservation Foundation, Mysore)