- Journal Article2014Tilting at wildlife: reconsidering human–wildlife conflict2014 Fauna & Flora International, Oryx, 1–4, doi:10.1017/S0030605314000799Download
PDF, 102 KB
Conflicts between people over wildlife are widespread and damaging to both the wildlife and people involved. Such issues are often termed human–wildlife conflicts. We argue that this term is misleading and may exacerbate the problems and hinder resolution. A review of 100 recent articles on human–wildlife conflicts reveals that 97 were between conservation and other human activities, particularly those associated with livelihoods. We suggest that we should distinguish between human–wildlife impacts and human–human conflicts and be explicit about the different interests involved in conflict. Those representing conservation interests should not only seek technical solutions to deal with the impacts but also consider their role and objectives, and focus on strategies likely to deliver long-term solutions for the benefit of biodiversity and the people involved.
- Book Chapter2014Nature Without Borders: An IntroductionPages 1-40 in Rangarajan, M., Madhusudan, M. D., & Shahabuddin, G. (eds.) Nature Without Borders. Orient Blackswan.
- Popular Article2014அண்டங்காக்கையின் ஆச்சரியத் தேடல். (On Jungle Crows searching and feeding on tadpoles)தி இந்து நாளிதழ். The Hindu Tamil News Daily. 9th September 2014.
Jeganathan, P. (2014). அண்டங்காக்கையின் ஆச்சரியத் தேடல் - தி இந்து நாளிதழ் உயிர்மூச்சு இணைப்பில், ‘இயற்கையின் வாசலில்’ தொடர்எண் – 10. 9th September 2014. Andangkakkaiyin Acharya Thedal– Iyarkayin Vaasalil ArticleSeries No.10 (On Jungle Crows searching and feeding on tadpoles). The Hindu Tamil News Daily. 9th September 2014.
- Popular Article2014கோடியக்கரை: விருந்தாளிப் பறவைகளின் உல்லாச விடுதி. (On Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary)தி இந்து நாளிதழ். The Hindu Tamil News Daily. 22th July 2014.
Jeganathan, P. (2014). கோடியக்கரை: விருந்தாளிப் பறவைகளின் உல்லாச விடுதி - தி இந்து நாளிதழ் உயிர்மூச்சு இணைப்பில், ‘இயற்கையின்வாசலில்’தொடர் எண் – 3. 22th July 2014. Kodiyakkarai: Virunthalip paravaigalin ullasa viduthi – Iyarkayin Vaasalil ArticleSeries No.3 (On Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary). The Hindu Tamil News Daily. 22th July 2014.
- Book Chapter2014Managing conflicts over livestock depredation by large carnivoresIn Human-Wildlife Conflict in the Mountains of SAARC Region - Compilation of Successful Management Strategies and Practices, SAARC Forestry Centre Office Thimphu, BhutanDownload
PDF, 1020 KB
Managing wildlife-caused damage to human interests has become an important aspect of contemporary conservation management. Conflicts between pastoralism and carnivore conservation over livestock depredation pose a serious challenge to endangered carnivores worldwide, and have become an important livelihood concern locally. Here, we first review the primary causes of these conflicts, their socio-ecological correlates, and commonly employed mitigation measures. We then describe a community-based program to manage conflicts over livestock depredation by snow leopards Panthera uncia and wolves Canis lupus. A threats-based conceptual model of conflict management is presented. Conflicts over livestock depredation are characterized by complex, multi-scale interactions between carnivore and livestock behavioral ecology, animal husbandry, human psyche, culture, world-views, and socio-economic and education levels of affected peoples. A diversity of commonly employed conflict-mitigation measures is available. They aim at (i) reducing livestock depredation through better livestock herding, use of physical, chemical or psychological barriers, removal of carnivores, and use of livestock guard animals, (ii) offsetting economic losses through damage compensation and insurance programmes, and (iii) increasing peoples’ tolerance of carnivores through indirect approaches such as conservation education and economic incentives. For effective management, conflicts need to be understood along two important dimensions, viz., the reality of damage caused to humans, and the psyche and perceptions of humans who suffer wildlife caused damage. The efficacy of commonly used mitigation measures is variable. A combination of measures that reduce the level of livestock depredation, share or offset economic losses, and improve the social carrying capacity for carnivores will be more effective in managing conflicts than standalone measures
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Prey Animals, Gaur, Sambar, Cubs, Tiger, Poaching, Herbivore Prey
- Poster2014Pigeons and DovesDownload
PDF, 5.96 MB
Emerald Dove, Laughing Dove, Green Imperial Pigeon, Nilgiri Woodpigeon, Tamil
- Popular Article2014Faraway, so closeThe Hindu in School, 29 SeptemberDownload
PDF, 1.01 MB
- Poster2014Tracking Tigers and LeopardsDownload
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Tigers, Leopards, Pugmarks, Soil, Moisture, Claw Marks, Scats, Scrapes, Remains of Prey, Scent-marking
- Poster2014Larval connectivity in Lakshadweep
- Book2014Nature Without BordersOrient Blackswan
Nature Without Borders explores the ways in which conservation of biodiversity can coexist with human actions and interests through a series of different essays. While wildlife conservation in India has traditionally depended on fencing off fragments of areas and habitats and guarding them against human encroachment, such an approach is limited in value, given that formally designated Protected Areas occupy a very small proportion of territory and that nature and natural processes transcend human boundaries and cannot be contained within the borders of nature reserves. Effective conservation, therefore, cannot ever depend on limiting or excluding human activity when habitats and environments themselves have porous boundaries.
Recent research, moreover, shows that effective conservation efforts can occur beyond the borders of Protected Areas and within human settlements. This eclectic collection of essays explores this more inclusive form of conservation through case studies that focus on different species, different environments (whether urban or rural), and different social and political constituencies from local farming or fishing communities to the educated middle class to corporate interests and the state. The essays range from overfishing along the Indian shoreline to the fate of the Gangetic river dolphin and from Sarus Cranes in the rice fields of Uttar Pradesh to the enigmatic snow leopard in the Himalayas. They explore the pastures of the Deccan plateau and the plantations of the Western Ghats as well as the lakes of Bengaluru and urban forests in Delhi. In sum, they offer readers insight into the scope of inclusive conservation that adapts its principles and practices to human activity across a diversity of environments and contexts.
This book will be of interests to students and scholars of ecology and environmental studies, environmental history and sociology. It will also be of interest to nature and conservation specialists and activists as well as policy makers and planners.
- Popular Article2014The HuntDeccan Herald Student Edition. Vol. 67 No 67, 8th March 2014.Download
PDF, 4.28 MB
Jeganathan, P. (2014). The Hunt. Deccan Herald Student Edition. Vol. 67 No 67, 8th March 2014.
- Popular Article2014தவளைகள் பாடிய தாலாட்டு. (On Rainforest Frogs)தி இந்து நாளிதழ். The Hindu Tamil News Daily. 7th October 2014.
Jeganathan, P. (2014). தவளைகள் பாடிய தாலாட்டு -தி இந்து நாளிதழ் உயிர்மூச்சு இணைப்பில், ‘இயற்கையின் வாசலில்’ தொடர் எண் – 14. 7th October 2014. Thavalaigal Padiya Thalattu– Iyarkayin Vaasalil ArticleSeries No.14 (On Rainforest Frogs). The Hindu Tamil News Daily. 7th October 2014.
- Popular Article2014The Constant GardnerCurrent Conservation, Issue 8.2, http://www.currentconservation.org/?q=articles/feature&n=297
- Poster2014Insects of the Western Ghats - Cricketssupported by Critical Ecosystem Partnership FundDownload
PDF, 25.7 MB
The Kudremukh Weta, Gryllacropsis, Crickets, Katydids, Tree Cricket, False Leaf Katydids, Onomarchus
- Popular Article2014A travel guide to MarsThe Hindu in School, 22 SeptemberDownload
PDF, 1.06 MB
PDF, 19.9 MB
White-bellied Woodpecker, Black-rumped Flamebach, Rufous Woodpecker, Speckled Piculet, Tamil
- Journal Article2014Long-lived benthic predators require structurally stable reefs in the face of repeated climate-change disturbancesCoral Reefs. 33: 289-302
Benthic recovery from climate-related disturbances does not always warrant a commensurate functional recovery for reef-associated fish communities. Here, we examine the distribution of benthic groupers (family Serranidae) in coral reef communities from the Lakshadweep archipelago (Arabian Sea) in response to structural complexity and long-term habitat stability. These coral reefs that have been subject to two major El Nin ̃o Southern Oscillation-related coral bleaching events in the last decades (1998 and 2010). First, we employ a long-term (12-yr) benthic- monitoring dataset to track habitat structural stability at twelve reef sites in the archipelago. Structural stability of reefs was strongly driven by exposure to monsoon storms and depth, which made deeper and more sheltered reefs on the eastern aspect more stable than the more exposed (western) and shallower reefs. We surveyed groupers (species richness, abundance, biomass) in 60 sites across the entire archipelago, representing both exposures and depths. Sites were selected along a gradient of structural complexity from very low to high. Grouper biomass appeared to vary with habitat stability with significant differences between depth and exposure; sheltered deep reefs had a higher grouper biomass than either sheltered shallow or exposed (deep and shallow) reefs. Species richness and abundance showed similar (though not significant) trends. More interestingly, average grouper biomass increased exponentially with structural complexity, but only at the sheltered deep (high stability) sites, despite the availability of recovered structure at exposed deep and shallow sites (lower-stability sites). This trend was especially pronounced for long-lived groupers (life span [10 yrs). These results suggest that long-lived groupers may prefer temporally stable reefs, independent of the local availability of habitat structure. In reefs subject to repeated disturbances, the presence of structurally stable reefs may be critical as refuges for functionally important, long-lived species like groupers.
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Leopards, Adaptable, Towns, Villages, Fields, Farmland, Deer, Monkeys, Stray Dogs, Livestock
- Poster2014Chital and SambarDownload
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Chital(Spotted Deer), Sambar, Snarling, Leopards, Tigers