- Book Chapter2014Managing conflicts over livestock depredation by large carnivoresIn Human-Wildlife Conflict in the Mountains of SAARC Region - Compilation of Successful Management Strategies and Practices, SAARC Forestry Centre Office Thimphu, BhutanDownload
PDF, 1020 KB
Managing wildlife-caused damage to human interests has become an important aspect of contemporary conservation management. Conflicts between pastoralism and carnivore conservation over livestock depredation pose a serious challenge to endangered carnivores worldwide, and have become an important livelihood concern locally. Here, we first review the primary causes of these conflicts, their socio-ecological correlates, and commonly employed mitigation measures. We then describe a community-based program to manage conflicts over livestock depredation by snow leopards Panthera uncia and wolves Canis lupus. A threats-based conceptual model of conflict management is presented. Conflicts over livestock depredation are characterized by complex, multi-scale interactions between carnivore and livestock behavioral ecology, animal husbandry, human psyche, culture, world-views, and socio-economic and education levels of affected peoples. A diversity of commonly employed conflict-mitigation measures is available. They aim at (i) reducing livestock depredation through better livestock herding, use of physical, chemical or psychological barriers, removal of carnivores, and use of livestock guard animals, (ii) offsetting economic losses through damage compensation and insurance programmes, and (iii) increasing peoples’ tolerance of carnivores through indirect approaches such as conservation education and economic incentives. For effective management, conflicts need to be understood along two important dimensions, viz., the reality of damage caused to humans, and the psyche and perceptions of humans who suffer wildlife caused damage. The efficacy of commonly used mitigation measures is variable. A combination of measures that reduce the level of livestock depredation, share or offset economic losses, and improve the social carrying capacity for carnivores will be more effective in managing conflicts than standalone measures
- Poster2014Reptiles of the Western Ghatssupported by Critical Ecosystem Partnership FundDownload
PDF, 193 MB
Hemidactylus Sataraensis, Geckoella Deccanensis, Hemidaectylus Prashadi, Cat Skinks(Ristella Beddomei), Hemidaectylus Anamallensis, Cnemaspis, Salea, Calotes Grandisquamis, Kaestlea, Otocryptis Beddomei
PDF, 17.7 MB
Lithe, Nimble, Palm Civets, Brown Palm Civet, Malabar Civet, Tamil
- Popular Article2014கோடியக்கரை: விருந்தாளிப் பறவைகளின் உல்லாச விடுதி. (On Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary)தி இந்து நாளிதழ். The Hindu Tamil News Daily. 22th July 2014.
Jeganathan, P. (2014). கோடியக்கரை: விருந்தாளிப் பறவைகளின் உல்லாச விடுதி - தி இந்து நாளிதழ் உயிர்மூச்சு இணைப்பில், ‘இயற்கையின்வாசலில்’தொடர் எண் – 3. 22th July 2014. Kodiyakkarai: Virunthalip paravaigalin ullasa viduthi – Iyarkayin Vaasalil ArticleSeries No.3 (On Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary). The Hindu Tamil News Daily. 22th July 2014.
- Journal Article2014Long-lived benthic predators require structurally stable reefs in the face of repeated climate-change disturbancesCoral Reefs. 33: 289-302
Benthic recovery from climate-related disturbances does not always warrant a commensurate functional recovery for reef-associated fish communities. Here, we examine the distribution of benthic groupers (family Serranidae) in coral reef communities from the Lakshadweep archipelago (Arabian Sea) in response to structural complexity and long-term habitat stability. These coral reefs that have been subject to two major El Nin ̃o Southern Oscillation-related coral bleaching events in the last decades (1998 and 2010). First, we employ a long-term (12-yr) benthic- monitoring dataset to track habitat structural stability at twelve reef sites in the archipelago. Structural stability of reefs was strongly driven by exposure to monsoon storms and depth, which made deeper and more sheltered reefs on the eastern aspect more stable than the more exposed (western) and shallower reefs. We surveyed groupers (species richness, abundance, biomass) in 60 sites across the entire archipelago, representing both exposures and depths. Sites were selected along a gradient of structural complexity from very low to high. Grouper biomass appeared to vary with habitat stability with significant differences between depth and exposure; sheltered deep reefs had a higher grouper biomass than either sheltered shallow or exposed (deep and shallow) reefs. Species richness and abundance showed similar (though not significant) trends. More interestingly, average grouper biomass increased exponentially with structural complexity, but only at the sheltered deep (high stability) sites, despite the availability of recovered structure at exposed deep and shallow sites (lower-stability sites). This trend was especially pronounced for long-lived groupers (life span [10 yrs). These results suggest that long-lived groupers may prefer temporally stable reefs, independent of the local availability of habitat structure. In reefs subject to repeated disturbances, the presence of structurally stable reefs may be critical as refuges for functionally important, long-lived species like groupers.
- Poster2014Dhole or Wild DogDownload
PDF, 6.92 MB
Coordinated Hunts, Sambar, Leopard, Chital, Tamil
- Poster2014Fungi of the Western Ghatssupported by Critical Ecosystem Partnership FundDownload
PDF, 177 MB
Cyathus, Amanita, Coprinus, Schizophyllum, Cordyceps, Omphalotus
- Poster2014Small Carnivores of Namdaphasupported by Disney Wildlife Conservation Fund Wildlife Conservation Society The Ford FoundationDownload
JPG, 814 KB
Namdapha Tiger Reserve, Binturong, Spotted Lisang, Yellow-throated Marten, The Hog Badger, Crab-eating Mongoose, Small Indian Mongoose, Stripe-backed Weasel, Ferret Badgers, Palm Civet, Small Indian Civet, Otter
- Journal Article2014Tilting at wildlife: reconsidering human–wildlife conflict2014 Fauna & Flora International, Oryx, 1–4, doi:10.1017/S0030605314000799Download
PDF, 102 KB
Conflicts between people over wildlife are widespread and damaging to both the wildlife and people involved. Such issues are often termed human–wildlife conflicts. We argue that this term is misleading and may exacerbate the problems and hinder resolution. A review of 100 recent articles on human–wildlife conflicts reveals that 97 were between conservation and other human activities, particularly those associated with livelihoods. We suggest that we should distinguish between human–wildlife impacts and human–human conflicts and be explicit about the different interests involved in conflict. Those representing conservation interests should not only seek technical solutions to deal with the impacts but also consider their role and objectives, and focus on strategies likely to deliver long-term solutions for the benefit of biodiversity and the people involved.
- Report2014Density of Rufous-necked hornbills and their food plants in Eaglenest Wildlife SanctuaryReport to Arunachal Pradesh Forest Departmemt
- Popular Article2014அற்புதங்களுக்குப் பின் ஒளிந்திருக்கும் ‘செட்டப்'. (On irresponsible and unethical nature photography)தி இந்து நாளிதழ். The Hindu Tamil News Daily. 11th November 2014.
Jeganathan, P. (2014).அற்புதங்களுக்குப் பின் ஒளிந்திருக்கும் ‘செட்டப்' - தி இந்து நாளிதழ் உயிர்மூச்சு இணைப்பில், ‘இயற்கையின் வாசலில்’ தொடர் எண் – 19. 11th November 2014. Arputhangaluku pin olinthirukum setup– Iyarkayin Vaasalil ArticleSeries No.19 (On irresponsible and unethical nature photography). The Hindu Tamil News Daily. 11th November 2014.
PDF, 12.2 MB
Paris Peacock, Common Nawab, Bllue Tiger, Common Map, Common Silverline, Tamil
- Journal Article2014Multi-scale factors influencing human attitudes towards snow leopards and wolves.Conservation Biology DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12320
- Poster2014Cuckoos And Their KinDownload
PDF, 13 MB
Blue-faced Malkhoa, Common Hawk Cuckoo, Drongo Cuckoo, Large Hawk Cuckoo, Grey-bellied Cuckoo, Greater Coucal, Sirkeer Malkhoa, Tamil
JPG, 455 KB
Landscape Species, Forests, Grasslands, Plantations, Cow Elephants, 'Matriarch'
- Poster2014Spotting Elephant SignsDownload
JPG, 353 KB
Dung, Herd, Inefficient Digestion, Debark, Tuskers, Deciduous Forests, Grewia, Teak
- Popular Article2014At a crossroadsThe Hindu in School, 10 September
- Book2014Nature Without BordersOrient Blackswan
Nature Without Borders explores the ways in which conservation of biodiversity can coexist with human actions and interests through a series of different essays. While wildlife conservation in India has traditionally depended on fencing off fragments of areas and habitats and guarding them against human encroachment, such an approach is limited in value, given that formally designated Protected Areas occupy a very small proportion of territory and that nature and natural processes transcend human boundaries and cannot be contained within the borders of nature reserves. Effective conservation, therefore, cannot ever depend on limiting or excluding human activity when habitats and environments themselves have porous boundaries.
Recent research, moreover, shows that effective conservation efforts can occur beyond the borders of Protected Areas and within human settlements. This eclectic collection of essays explores this more inclusive form of conservation through case studies that focus on different species, different environments (whether urban or rural), and different social and political constituencies from local farming or fishing communities to the educated middle class to corporate interests and the state. The essays range from overfishing along the Indian shoreline to the fate of the Gangetic river dolphin and from Sarus Cranes in the rice fields of Uttar Pradesh to the enigmatic snow leopard in the Himalayas. They explore the pastures of the Deccan plateau and the plantations of the Western Ghats as well as the lakes of Bengaluru and urban forests in Delhi. In sum, they offer readers insight into the scope of inclusive conservation that adapts its principles and practices to human activity across a diversity of environments and contexts.
This book will be of interests to students and scholars of ecology and environmental studies, environmental history and sociology. It will also be of interest to nature and conservation specialists and activists as well as policy makers and planners.
JPG, 318 KB
Prey Animals, Gaur, Sambar, Cubs, Tiger, Poaching, Herbivore Prey
- Poster2014Venomous SnakesDownload
PDF, 20.2 MB
Malabar Pit Viper, Striped Coral Snake, Large-scaled Pit Viper, Hump-nosed Pit Viper, Spectacled Cobra, Common Krait, Rats, Heat-sensitive Pit, Tamil