Fostering eco-friendly plantations

Linking sustainable agriculture and conservation in plantation landscapes

How can one extend conservation into landscapes such as commercial plantations outside protected areas? Conservationists around the world are trying to connect productive agriculture and plantations with markets for products certified as coming from farms that follow sustainable and ecologically-friendly practices.

  • Retaining remnant forest patches is vital to conserve wildlife in plantation landscape

  • Fostering better cultivation practices and use of native shade trees in coffee plantation

  • Making space for wildlife in a plantation landscape

  • Good working conditions, housing, schools, and welfare are integral to sustainability

For better land-use practices in plantations

Protected areas are cornerstones of conservation, but are  increasingly isolated in landscapes as fragments surrounded by agriculture and other developments. These surrounding landscapes have significant value for conservation, particularly if favourable land-use practices are adopted. Still, fostering such practices in land-uses such as commercial tea and coffee plantations may need the provision of incentives for planters and plantation companies.

To promote better land-use in plantations, NCF joined hands with the Rainforest Alliance and the Sustainable Agriculture Network, leading international non-profits working for sustainability. Plantations that adopted sustainable agricultural practices were linked to markets for certified produce carrying Rainforest Alliance's trademark frog seal. The SAN Sustainable Agriculture Standard, a comprehensive set of standards and criteria that includes natural ecosystems and wildlife conservation, formed the basis for the certification process. NCF worked to include relevant criteria in the SAN Standard, create a dedicated website and visual guide to help planters, and develop detailed local guidelines to assist tea and coffee growers in improving social, environmental, and agronomic practices in plantations in the region.

People

Partners

Funding

  • Critical Ecosystems Partnership Fund
  • Ecosystem Alliance - Both Ends
  • IUCN Netherlands Ecosystems Grant Programme

Publications

  • Popular Article
    2015
    Restoring the fabric
    Sanctuary Asia, June 2015, 35(6): 53.
    Download

    PNG, 339 KB

  • Journal Article
    2014
    Our backyard wildlife: Challenges in coexisting with uneasy neighbours. [Guest Editorial]
    Mewa Singh, M Ananda Kumar
    Current Science 106: 1463-1464.
  • Popular Article
    2014
    How green is your tea?
    Blink: The Hindu Business Line, 27 September 2014, pages 10-11.
  • Book Chapter
    2014
    Restoring nature: wildlife conservation in landscapes fragmented by plantation crops in India.
    Pages 178-214. In Nature Without Borders (Eds. Mahesh Rangarajan, MD Madhusudan & Ghazala Shahabuddin), Orient Blackswan, New Delhi.
  • Popular Article
    2014
    Perils of oil palm
    Newslink (Aizawl), 20 August 2014, page 2.
    Download

    PDF, 710 KB

  • Journal Article
    2014
    Bats in Indian coffee plantations: doing more good than harm?
    Claire Wordley, John Altringham, T R Shankar Raman
    Current Science 107: 1958-1960.
    Download

    PDF, 3.64 MB

    Many bat species occur in Indian coffee plantations and despite sporadic reports of damage to commercial coffee crops, the literature shows little evidence for these claims. Measures that have been proposed to ‘control’ fruit bats are likely to be ineffective and even counter-productive. Instead, insect-eating bats should be encouraged by planters as they help control herbivorous and disease-carrying insects, while fruit bats pollinate flowers and disperse seeds of many useful plants and shade tree species. More research is needed to quantify any crop damage caused by bats and to look for sustainable solutions where necessary.

    PDF also available here: http://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/107/12/1958.pdf

  • Popular Article
    2012
    காப்பிநல்லதா?டீநல்லதா? (On best practices in sustainable agriculture of Coffee and Tea)
    புதிய தலைமுறை. 6 செப்டம்பர் 2012. Puthiya Thalaimurai. 6th September 2012.

    Available here:

    காப்பிநல்லதா? டீநல்லதா?. காக்கைக்குருவிஎங்கள்ஜாதிதொடர்-9. புதியதலைமுறை. 6 செப்டம்பர் 2012.[Jeganathan, P. (2012).Kappi nallatha? Tea nallatha?. Kakkai Kuruvi Engal Jathi-Series, Article No.9. Puthiya Thalaimurai. 6th September 2012. (On best practices in sustainable agriculture of Coffee and Tea)]

  • Popular Article
    2011
    Death of two Osamas
    Deccan Herald Spectrum, 24 May 2011, page 4.
    Download

    PDF, 351 KB

    Maligning the elephant: Following the death of two elephants that went by the name Osama in the last five years, T R Shankar Raman wonders what the future holds for the human – elephant relationship. Will it remain a perception of elephants as objects of conflict seen through the coin of economics and the lens of science, when it could lead to co-existence if passed through the prism of humanity?

    Available here: http://www.deccanherald.com/content/163574/archives.php

  • Report
    2011
    Wildlife in the Havukal – Warwick estates, Nilgiris: a field survey and inventory report. 
    Nature Conservation Foundation, Mysore.

    Jeganathan, P. & Murali, R. (2011). Wildlife in the Havukal – Warwick estates, Nilgiris: a field survey and inventory report. Nature Conservation Foundation, Mysore.

  • Popular Article
    2011
    வளங்குன்றா விவசாயமும் பல்லுயிர்ப் பாதுகாப்பும் (Sustainable Agriculture and Biodiversity Conservation)
    பூவுலகு. ஜூலை -ஆகஸ்ட் 2011 பக்கங்கள் 47-49/ Poovulagu. Jul-Aug, Pp 47-49.

    Available here: 

    வளங்குன்றா விவசாயமும் பல்லுயிர்ப் பாதுகாப்பும்.பூவுலகு. ஜூலை -ஆகஸ்ட் 2011 பக்கங்கள் 47-49. [Jeganathan, P. (2011). Valangundra Vivasayamum Pallyuir Pathugappum. Poovulagu.  Jul-Aug, Pp 47-49.(Sustainable Agriculture and Biodiversity Conservation)]

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