Ganesh Raghunathan

Research Affiliate, Western Ghats

 gan0446 20mid 20res

From concerts to conservation, it has been a journey of transition for me. My interests lie in the field of elephant behaviour and this has helped me to be instrumental in human elephant conflict management in the Anamalais. Over the past few years, I have witnessed and documented some of the rare and intimate moments of elephant life. Besides spamming the residents of Valparai, I am also interested in photography and filming the natural world around me.




Living with leopards

Carnivore, conflicts, and conservation in the Anamalai hills


Nurturing nature appreciation

Rekindling conservation awareness and connections with nature


The Elephant Hills

From conflicts to coexistence in the Anamalai hills

Ltm kalyan 1020


Towards wildlife-friendly roads

Studying and reducing impacts of roads on wildlife in the Anamalai hills

Ltm with infant

Wildlife in rainforest fragments

Life in the treetops and undergrowth in rainforest remnants


  • Journal Article
    Conflict to coexistence: Human – leopard interactions in a plantation landscape in Anamalai Hills, India
    Conservation and Society 15(4): 474-482.

    PDF, 1.18 MB

    When leopards are found in human-dominated landscapes, conflicts may arise due to attacks on people or livestock loss or when people retaliate following real and perceived threats. In the plantation landscape of the Valparai plateau, we studied incidents of injury and loss of life of people and livestock over time (15 – 25 y) and carried out questionnaire surveys in 29 plantation colonies and eight tribal villages to study correlates of livestock depredation, people's perception of leopards, and preferred management options for human – leopard interactions. Leopards were implicated in an average of 1.3 (± 0.4 SE) incidents/year (1990 – 2014) involving humans and 3.6 (± 0.8 SE) incidents/year (1999 – 2014) involving livestock, with no statistically significant increasing trend over time. Most incidents of injury or loss of life involved young children or unattended livestock, and occurred between afternoon and night. At the colony level, livestock depredation was positively related to the number of livestock, but decreased with the distance from protected area and number of residents. Half the respondents reported seeing a leopard in a neutral situation, under conditions that resulted in no harm. All tribal and 52% of estate respondents had neutral perceptions of leopards and most (81.9%, n = 161 respondents) indicated changing their own behaviour as a preferred option to manage negative interactions with leopards, rather than capture or removal of leopards. Perception was unrelated to livestock depredation, but tended to be more negative when human attacks had occurred in a colony. A combination of measures including safety precautions for adults and children at night, better livestock herding and cattle-sheds, and building on people's neutral perception and tolerance can mitigate negative interactions and support continued human – leopard coexistence.

  • Popular Article
    To ride an elephant (or not)
    The Hindu in School, 23 December

    PDF, 1.59 MB

  • Journal Article
    A case of colour aberration in Stripe-necked Mongoose Herpestes vitticollis in the Western Ghats, India
    Small Carnivore Conservation 50: 76-77.

    PDF, 343 KB

  • Book Chapter
    Fostering human-elephant coexistence in the Valparai landscape,Anamalai Tiger Reserve, Tamil Nadu
    Pages 14 - 26, in Human-Wildlife Conflict in the Mountains of SAARC Region - Compilation of Successful Management Strategies and Practices. SAARC Forestry Centre, Thimpu, Bhutan.

    PDF, 823 KB

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